Influence of Sources of Information and Parental Attitudes on Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake among Adolescents

Natasha L. Underwood, Lisa M. Gargano, Samantha Jacobs, Katherine Seib, Christopher Morfaw, Dennis Murray, James M. Hughes, Jessica M. Sales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective The purpose of this study was to: 1) describe parental sources of information about human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for adolescents, 2) understand how parental sources of information about HPV vaccine are associated with adolescent HPV vaccine uptake, and 3) understand if the relationship between a greater number of HPV-related information sources and HPV vaccine uptake among adolescents is mediated by parental attitudes. Design, Setting, Participants, and Interventions We conducted a 3-arm randomized controlled trial in middle and high schools in eastern Georgia from 2011 to 2013. As part of the trial, we surveyed parents during the final year to understand their sources of information about HPV vaccine for their adolescent. Data were collected from 360 parents via phone and online surveys. Main Outcome Measures Parents responded to a survey that asked them to identify demographic information, parental HPV attitudes, sources of information about HPV vaccination, and HPV vaccine uptake. Results Most of the sample was African American (74%; n = 267) and 53% of parents (n = 192) reported that their adolescent received at least 1 HPV vaccine dose. The top sources of information about HPV vaccine reported by parents were a doctor or medical professional (80%; n = 287) and television (64%; n = 232). A mediation analysis showed sources of information about HPV vaccine are associated with parental attitudes, and parental attitudes about HPV vaccine are associated with vaccine uptake among adolescents. Conclusion These findings highlight the importance of HPV sources of information on parental attitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-622
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Sources of information

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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    Underwood, N. L., Gargano, L. M., Jacobs, S., Seib, K., Morfaw, C., Murray, D., Hughes, J. M., & Sales, J. M. (2016). Influence of Sources of Information and Parental Attitudes on Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake among Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 29(6), 617-622. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2016.05.003