Influences of Maternal Prepregnancy Obesity and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus on the Infant Gut Microbiome in Full-Term Infants

Montana Dunton, Sandra Inglett, Terri Marin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This review examines the current evidence of how prepregnancy obesity (PPO) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) influence the newborn gut microbiome. Scientific gaps in the literature are described to guide future research in this area. The prevalence of PPO and GDM increased to 64% in the United States over the past decade. Prepregnancy obesity and GDM influence newborn gut microbiome and contribute to adverse short- and long-term outcomes in full-term infants. This review aims to discuss current research findings related to the associations between PPO and GDM, separately, and together, on infant gut microbiome outcomes, provide an overview of short-term and long-term outcomes, describe clinical relevance, and identify avenues for future scientific inquiry. This review found that PPO and GDM influence infant gut microbiomes. Infants born to women with PPO and GDM were found to have lower levels of diversity in gut microbiota than infants born to normal prepregnancy weight women and those born to women without GDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dysbiosis
  • gestational diabetes
  • infants
  • microbiome
  • microbiota
  • prepregnancy obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

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