Inhibition of human neutrophil binding to hydrogen peroxide-treated endothelial cells by cAMP and hydroxyl radical scavengers

Elisabeth Franzini, Hassan Sellak, Claude Marquetty, Catherine Babin-Chevaye, Jacques Hakim, Catherine Pasquier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) increases adherence of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Catalase and HO· scavengers did not affect the increased PMN adherence to HUVEC stimulated by other compounds such as phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and thrombin, showing that the observed effect was H2O2- and HO·-specific. This effect was inhibited by hydroxyl radicals (HO·) scavengers and not by iron-chelators that do not penetrate the cells, suggesting the involvement of intracellular HO· in the increased adherence mechanism. An increase in cAMP inhibited H2O2-induced adherence, as observed with isoproterenol, isobutylmethylxanthine, and dibutyryl-cAMP. Similarly, pentoxifylline (Ptx), an HO· scavenger that also increases cAMP, inhibited H2O2-mediated adherence but had no effect on that induced by PMA or thrombin. PKA inhibitors cancelled the Ptx-induced inhibition of H2O2- mediated adherence. However, PKA inhibitors or atrial natriuretic peptide that decreases cAMP did not increase adherence, showing that decrease in cAMP is not responsible for increased adherence. HO· scavengers did not alter the H2O2-induced reduction in cAMP levels, but did inhibit the effect of H2O2 on adherence. We conclude that HO· mediates the H2O2-induced increased in PMN adherence to HUVEC, and that the increase in cAMP that mediates PKA activation downregulates this effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Endothelial cells
  • Free radicals
  • Human polymorphonuclear neutrophils
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Pentoxifylline
  • Xanthine oxidase
  • cAMP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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