Inhibition of PYK2-induced actin cytoskeleton reorganization, PYK2 autophosphorylation and focal adhesion targeting by FAK

Q. S. Du, X. R. Ren, Y. Xie, Q. Wang, L. Mei, W. C. Xiong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2) are structurally related tyrosine kinases. They are implicated in regulating actin cytoskeleton organization, a process critical for cell migration, mitosis and tumor metastasis. In this paper, we demonstrate that, although both PYK2 and FAK were expressed and co-localized at focal adhesions in fibroblasts, microinjection of PYK2, but not FAK, in Swiss 3T3 fibroblastic cells led to reorganization of focal adhesions and cell rounding. PYK2-mediated actin cytoskeleton reorganization required the PYK2 N terminus, the focal adhesion targeting (FAT) domain, catalytic activity and autophosphorylation. Remarkably, FAK suppressed PYK2-mediated reorganization of focal adhesions and cell rounding. In addition, FAK inhibited PYK2 autophosphorylation and focal adhesion targeting, which might contribute to FAK-mediated suppression of PYK2's phenotypes. Further analyses demonstrated that the inhibition of PYK2 autophosphorylation required the FAK N terminus but not FAK tyrosine phosphorylation. The FAK FAT domain seemed to be critical for FAK-mediated suppression of PYK2 focal adhesion targeting. Taken together, these results demonstrate that FAK could inhibit PYK2 autophosphorylation, focal adhesion targeting and actin cytoskeleton reorganization, suggesting that the balance between FAK and PYK2 tyrosine kinases is important for regulating cellular morphology, cell migration and cell growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2977-2987
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume114
Issue number16
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Actin cytoskeleton
  • FAK
  • Focal adhesions
  • PYK2
  • Tyrosine phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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