3,5-Dibromo-1-acetoxy-4-oxo-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-acetonitrile (dienone A) inhibited Na+ - K+-ATPase with a half-maximal inhibition concentration (i50) equal to 2.9 × 10-6 M. Inhibition was time- and pH-dependent and complete after 20-30 min preincubation within a range of pH from 7.0 to 9.0. Kinetic evaluation of the cationic substrate activation of Na+ - K+-ATPase indicated mixed type inhibition with regard to Na+ and K+ and competitive inhibition with regard to ATP activation of the enzyme. The presence of Mg2+ caused an increased inhibition. Also, K+-p-nitrophenyl phosphatase activity was altered by dienone A and mixed type inhibition with regard to p-nitrophenyl phosphate and K+ was demonstrated. Inhibition was partially restored by repeated washing. Preincubation with sulfhydryl reagents protected the enzyme from inhibition. A significant linear correlation between reactive enzyme sulfhydryl contents [SH] and Na+ - K+-ATPase activity in the presence of varying concentrations of dienone A was observed. One of the factors causing cytotoxic activity of this compound might be its interaction with some thiol groups of the membrane-bound Na+ - K+-ATPase.
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