1. Guinea-pig caseins synthesized in a mRNA-directed wheat-germ cell-free protein-synthesizing system represent the primary translation products, even though they appear to be of lower molecular weight when analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis in parallel with caseins isolated from guinea-pig milk. 2. Identification of the N-terminal dipeptide of the primary translational product of caseins A, B and C and alpha-lactalbumin showed that all shared a common sequence, which was identified as either Met-Arg or Met-Lys. 3. Procedures utilizing methionyl-tRNAfMet or methionyl-tRNAMet in the presence or absence of microsomal membranes during translation provide a rapid method of distinguishing between N-terminal processing of peptides synthesized in vitro and other post-translational modifications (glycosylation, phosphorylation), which also result in a change in mobility of peptides when analysed by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. 4. The results demonstrate that guinea-pig caseins, in common with most other secretory proteins, are synthesized with transient N-terminal 'signal'-peptide extensions, which are cleaved during synthesis in the presence of microsomal membranes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||The Biochemical journal|
|State||Published - Nov 15 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology