Integration of transcript expression, copy number and LOH analysis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast

Lesleyann Hawthorn, Jesse Luce, Leighton Stein, Jenniffer Rothschild

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A major challenge in the interpretation of genomic profiling data generated from breast cancer samples is the identification of driver genes as distinct from bystander genes which do not impact tumorigenesis. One way to assess the relative importance of alterations in the transcriptome profile is to combine parallel analyses that assess changes in the copy number alterations (CNAs). This integrated analysis permits the identification of genes with altered expression that map within specific chromosomal regions which demonstrate copy number alterations, providing a mechanistic approach to identify the 'driver genes'.Methods: We have performed whole genome analysis of CNAs using the Affymetrix 250K Mapping array on 22 infiltrating ductal carcinoma samples (IDCs). Analysis of transcript expression alterations was performed using the Affymetrix U133 Plus2.0 array on 16 IDC samples. Fourteen IDC samples were analyzed using both platforms and the data integrated. We also incorporated data from loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis to identify genes showing altered expression in LOH regions.Results: Common chromosome gains and amplifications were identified at 1q21.3, 6p21.3, 7p11.2-p12.1, 8q21.11 and 8q24.3. A novel amplicon was identified at 5p15.33. Frequent losses were found at 1p36.22, 8q23.3, 11p13, 11q23, and 22q13. Over 130 genes were identified with concurrent increases or decreases in expression that mapped to these regions of copy number alterations. LOH analysis revealed three tumors with whole chromosome or p arm allelic loss of chromosome 17. Genes were identified that mapped to copy neutral LOH regions. LOH with accompanying copy loss was detected on Xp24 and Xp25 and genes mapping to these regions with decreased expression were identified. Gene expression data highlighted the PPARα/RXRα Activation Pathway as down-regulated in the tumor samples.Conclusion: We have demonstrated the utility of the application of integrated analysis using high resolution CGH and whole genome transcript analysis for detecting driver genes in IDC. The high resolution platform allowed a refined demarcation of CNAs and gene expression profiling provided a mechanism to detect genes directly impacted by the CNA. This is the first report of LOH integrated with gene expression in IDC using a high resolution platform.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number460
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 27 2010

Fingerprint

Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
Loss of Heterozygosity
Genes
Gene Expression Profiling
Chromosomes
Genome
Gene Expression
Ductal Carcinoma
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Chromosome Mapping
Transcriptome
Neoplasms
Carcinogenesis
Breast Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

Cite this

Integration of transcript expression, copy number and LOH analysis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast. / Hawthorn, Lesleyann; Luce, Jesse; Stein, Leighton; Rothschild, Jenniffer.

In: BMC Cancer, Vol. 10, 460, 27.08.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1745b741a11147e1a2f4013ebe4fc778,
title = "Integration of transcript expression, copy number and LOH analysis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast",
abstract = "Background: A major challenge in the interpretation of genomic profiling data generated from breast cancer samples is the identification of driver genes as distinct from bystander genes which do not impact tumorigenesis. One way to assess the relative importance of alterations in the transcriptome profile is to combine parallel analyses that assess changes in the copy number alterations (CNAs). This integrated analysis permits the identification of genes with altered expression that map within specific chromosomal regions which demonstrate copy number alterations, providing a mechanistic approach to identify the 'driver genes'.Methods: We have performed whole genome analysis of CNAs using the Affymetrix 250K Mapping array on 22 infiltrating ductal carcinoma samples (IDCs). Analysis of transcript expression alterations was performed using the Affymetrix U133 Plus2.0 array on 16 IDC samples. Fourteen IDC samples were analyzed using both platforms and the data integrated. We also incorporated data from loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis to identify genes showing altered expression in LOH regions.Results: Common chromosome gains and amplifications were identified at 1q21.3, 6p21.3, 7p11.2-p12.1, 8q21.11 and 8q24.3. A novel amplicon was identified at 5p15.33. Frequent losses were found at 1p36.22, 8q23.3, 11p13, 11q23, and 22q13. Over 130 genes were identified with concurrent increases or decreases in expression that mapped to these regions of copy number alterations. LOH analysis revealed three tumors with whole chromosome or p arm allelic loss of chromosome 17. Genes were identified that mapped to copy neutral LOH regions. LOH with accompanying copy loss was detected on Xp24 and Xp25 and genes mapping to these regions with decreased expression were identified. Gene expression data highlighted the PPARα/RXRα Activation Pathway as down-regulated in the tumor samples.Conclusion: We have demonstrated the utility of the application of integrated analysis using high resolution CGH and whole genome transcript analysis for detecting driver genes in IDC. The high resolution platform allowed a refined demarcation of CNAs and gene expression profiling provided a mechanism to detect genes directly impacted by the CNA. This is the first report of LOH integrated with gene expression in IDC using a high resolution platform.",
author = "Lesleyann Hawthorn and Jesse Luce and Leighton Stein and Jenniffer Rothschild",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2407-10-460",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
journal = "BMC Cancer",
issn = "1471-2407",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Integration of transcript expression, copy number and LOH analysis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast

AU - Hawthorn, Lesleyann

AU - Luce, Jesse

AU - Stein, Leighton

AU - Rothschild, Jenniffer

PY - 2010/8/27

Y1 - 2010/8/27

N2 - Background: A major challenge in the interpretation of genomic profiling data generated from breast cancer samples is the identification of driver genes as distinct from bystander genes which do not impact tumorigenesis. One way to assess the relative importance of alterations in the transcriptome profile is to combine parallel analyses that assess changes in the copy number alterations (CNAs). This integrated analysis permits the identification of genes with altered expression that map within specific chromosomal regions which demonstrate copy number alterations, providing a mechanistic approach to identify the 'driver genes'.Methods: We have performed whole genome analysis of CNAs using the Affymetrix 250K Mapping array on 22 infiltrating ductal carcinoma samples (IDCs). Analysis of transcript expression alterations was performed using the Affymetrix U133 Plus2.0 array on 16 IDC samples. Fourteen IDC samples were analyzed using both platforms and the data integrated. We also incorporated data from loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis to identify genes showing altered expression in LOH regions.Results: Common chromosome gains and amplifications were identified at 1q21.3, 6p21.3, 7p11.2-p12.1, 8q21.11 and 8q24.3. A novel amplicon was identified at 5p15.33. Frequent losses were found at 1p36.22, 8q23.3, 11p13, 11q23, and 22q13. Over 130 genes were identified with concurrent increases or decreases in expression that mapped to these regions of copy number alterations. LOH analysis revealed three tumors with whole chromosome or p arm allelic loss of chromosome 17. Genes were identified that mapped to copy neutral LOH regions. LOH with accompanying copy loss was detected on Xp24 and Xp25 and genes mapping to these regions with decreased expression were identified. Gene expression data highlighted the PPARα/RXRα Activation Pathway as down-regulated in the tumor samples.Conclusion: We have demonstrated the utility of the application of integrated analysis using high resolution CGH and whole genome transcript analysis for detecting driver genes in IDC. The high resolution platform allowed a refined demarcation of CNAs and gene expression profiling provided a mechanism to detect genes directly impacted by the CNA. This is the first report of LOH integrated with gene expression in IDC using a high resolution platform.

AB - Background: A major challenge in the interpretation of genomic profiling data generated from breast cancer samples is the identification of driver genes as distinct from bystander genes which do not impact tumorigenesis. One way to assess the relative importance of alterations in the transcriptome profile is to combine parallel analyses that assess changes in the copy number alterations (CNAs). This integrated analysis permits the identification of genes with altered expression that map within specific chromosomal regions which demonstrate copy number alterations, providing a mechanistic approach to identify the 'driver genes'.Methods: We have performed whole genome analysis of CNAs using the Affymetrix 250K Mapping array on 22 infiltrating ductal carcinoma samples (IDCs). Analysis of transcript expression alterations was performed using the Affymetrix U133 Plus2.0 array on 16 IDC samples. Fourteen IDC samples were analyzed using both platforms and the data integrated. We also incorporated data from loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis to identify genes showing altered expression in LOH regions.Results: Common chromosome gains and amplifications were identified at 1q21.3, 6p21.3, 7p11.2-p12.1, 8q21.11 and 8q24.3. A novel amplicon was identified at 5p15.33. Frequent losses were found at 1p36.22, 8q23.3, 11p13, 11q23, and 22q13. Over 130 genes were identified with concurrent increases or decreases in expression that mapped to these regions of copy number alterations. LOH analysis revealed three tumors with whole chromosome or p arm allelic loss of chromosome 17. Genes were identified that mapped to copy neutral LOH regions. LOH with accompanying copy loss was detected on Xp24 and Xp25 and genes mapping to these regions with decreased expression were identified. Gene expression data highlighted the PPARα/RXRα Activation Pathway as down-regulated in the tumor samples.Conclusion: We have demonstrated the utility of the application of integrated analysis using high resolution CGH and whole genome transcript analysis for detecting driver genes in IDC. The high resolution platform allowed a refined demarcation of CNAs and gene expression profiling provided a mechanism to detect genes directly impacted by the CNA. This is the first report of LOH integrated with gene expression in IDC using a high resolution platform.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955933959&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955933959&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2407-10-460

DO - 10.1186/1471-2407-10-460

M3 - Article

C2 - 20799942

AN - SCOPUS:77955933959

VL - 10

JO - BMC Cancer

JF - BMC Cancer

SN - 1471-2407

M1 - 460

ER -