Inter-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale in assessing lower limb muscle spasticity

Nastaran Ghotbi, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Soofia Naghdi, Scott Hasson, Boushra Jamshidpour, Somayeh Amiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary objective: To assess the inter-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale (MMAS) in lower limb muscle spasticity. Research design: Cross-sectional observational study. Interventions: Not applicable. Methods and procedures: Twenty-two adults with neurological conditions (17 women, five men, age range 21-82 years; mean SD, 44 18 years) participated. Hip adductor, knee extensor and ankle plantarflexor were assessed in a random order. Main outcomes and results: Inter-rater agreement for two raters was very good for the hip adductor and the knee extensor (weighted kappa = 0.82, p 0.0001) and good for the ankle plantarflexor (weighted kappa = 0.74, p 0.0001). Conclusions: The Modified Modified Ashworth Scale produced reliable measurements between raters in the assessment of lower limb muscle spasticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)815-819
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Injury
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Muscle Spasticity
Ankle
Hip
Lower Extremity
Knee
Observational Studies
Research Design
Cross-Sectional Studies

Keywords

  • Measurement
  • Modified Modified Ashworth Scale
  • Reliability
  • Spasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Ghotbi, N., Ansari, N. N., Naghdi, S., Hasson, S., Jamshidpour, B., & Amiri, S. (2009). Inter-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale in assessing lower limb muscle spasticity. Brain Injury, 23(10), 815-819. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699050903200548

Inter-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale in assessing lower limb muscle spasticity. / Ghotbi, Nastaran; Ansari, Noureddin Nakhostin; Naghdi, Soofia; Hasson, Scott; Jamshidpour, Boushra; Amiri, Somayeh.

In: Brain Injury, Vol. 23, No. 10, 01.01.2009, p. 815-819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghotbi, N, Ansari, NN, Naghdi, S, Hasson, S, Jamshidpour, B & Amiri, S 2009, 'Inter-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale in assessing lower limb muscle spasticity', Brain Injury, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 815-819. https://doi.org/10.1080/02699050903200548
Ghotbi, Nastaran ; Ansari, Noureddin Nakhostin ; Naghdi, Soofia ; Hasson, Scott ; Jamshidpour, Boushra ; Amiri, Somayeh. / Inter-rater reliability of the Modified Modified Ashworth Scale in assessing lower limb muscle spasticity. In: Brain Injury. 2009 ; Vol. 23, No. 10. pp. 815-819.
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