Internal Pudendal Artery from Type 2 Diabetic Female Rats Demonstrate Elevated Endothelin-1-Mediated Constriction

Kyan J. Allahdadi, Johanna L. Hannan, Adviye Ergul, Rita C. Tostes, R Clinton Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a non-obese model of type 2 diabetes with elevated endothelin-1 (ET-1) activity. We hypothesize that female GK rats have diminished sexual responses and that the internal pudendal arteries demonstrate increased ET-1 constrictor sensitivity. Methods. Female Wistar and GK rats were used. Apomorphine (APO)-mediated genital vasocongestive arousal (GVA) was measured. Functional contraction (ET-1 and phenylephrine) and relaxation (acetylcholine, ACh) in the presence or absence of the ETA receptor antagonist (ETAR; atrasentan) or Rho-kinase inhibitor (Y-27632) were assessed in the internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Protein expression of ET-1 and RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway was determined in the internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Main Outcome Measure. APO-mediated GVAs; contraction and relaxation of internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries; ET-1/RhoA/Rho-kinase protein expression. Results. GK rats demonstrated no APO-induced GVAs. Internal pudendal arteries, but not mesenteric arteries, from GK rats exhibited greater contractile sensitivity to ET-1 compared with Wistar arteries. ETAR blockade reduced ET-1-mediated constriction in GK internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Rho-kinase inhibition reduced ET-1-mediated constriction of GK internal pudendal but not mesenteric arteries; however, it had no effect on arteries from Wistar rats. RhoA protein expression was elevated in GK internal pudendal arteries. At the highest concentrations, ACh-mediated relaxation was greater in the GK internal pudendal artery; however, no difference was observed in the mesenteric artery. Conclusions. Female GK rats demonstrate decreased sexual responses that may be because of increased constrictor sensitivity to the ET-1/RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling in the internal pudendal artery. Allahdadi KJ, Hannan JL, Ergul A, Tostes RC, and Webb RC. Internal pudendal artery from type 2 diabetic female rats demonstrate elevated endothelin-1-mediated constriction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2472-2483
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sexual Medicine
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Fingerprint

Endothelin-1
Constriction
Mesenteric Arteries
Arteries
rho-Associated Kinases
Apomorphine
Acetylcholine
rhoA GTP-Binding Protein
Phenylephrine
Arousal
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Wistar Rats
Proteins
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Endothelin-1
  • Female Sexual Dysfunction
  • Internal Pudendal Artery
  • Type 2 Diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

Cite this

Internal Pudendal Artery from Type 2 Diabetic Female Rats Demonstrate Elevated Endothelin-1-Mediated Constriction. / Allahdadi, Kyan J.; Hannan, Johanna L.; Ergul, Adviye; Tostes, Rita C.; Webb, R Clinton.

In: Journal of Sexual Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 9, 01.01.2011, p. 2472-2483.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allahdadi, Kyan J. ; Hannan, Johanna L. ; Ergul, Adviye ; Tostes, Rita C. ; Webb, R Clinton. / Internal Pudendal Artery from Type 2 Diabetic Female Rats Demonstrate Elevated Endothelin-1-Mediated Constriction. In: Journal of Sexual Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 9. pp. 2472-2483.
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abstract = "The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a non-obese model of type 2 diabetes with elevated endothelin-1 (ET-1) activity. We hypothesize that female GK rats have diminished sexual responses and that the internal pudendal arteries demonstrate increased ET-1 constrictor sensitivity. Methods. Female Wistar and GK rats were used. Apomorphine (APO)-mediated genital vasocongestive arousal (GVA) was measured. Functional contraction (ET-1 and phenylephrine) and relaxation (acetylcholine, ACh) in the presence or absence of the ETA receptor antagonist (ETAR; atrasentan) or Rho-kinase inhibitor (Y-27632) were assessed in the internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Protein expression of ET-1 and RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway was determined in the internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Main Outcome Measure. APO-mediated GVAs; contraction and relaxation of internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries; ET-1/RhoA/Rho-kinase protein expression. Results. GK rats demonstrated no APO-induced GVAs. Internal pudendal arteries, but not mesenteric arteries, from GK rats exhibited greater contractile sensitivity to ET-1 compared with Wistar arteries. ETAR blockade reduced ET-1-mediated constriction in GK internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Rho-kinase inhibition reduced ET-1-mediated constriction of GK internal pudendal but not mesenteric arteries; however, it had no effect on arteries from Wistar rats. RhoA protein expression was elevated in GK internal pudendal arteries. At the highest concentrations, ACh-mediated relaxation was greater in the GK internal pudendal artery; however, no difference was observed in the mesenteric artery. Conclusions. Female GK rats demonstrate decreased sexual responses that may be because of increased constrictor sensitivity to the ET-1/RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling in the internal pudendal artery. Allahdadi KJ, Hannan JL, Ergul A, Tostes RC, and Webb RC. Internal pudendal artery from type 2 diabetic female rats demonstrate elevated endothelin-1-mediated constriction.",
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AU - Webb, R Clinton

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N2 - The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a non-obese model of type 2 diabetes with elevated endothelin-1 (ET-1) activity. We hypothesize that female GK rats have diminished sexual responses and that the internal pudendal arteries demonstrate increased ET-1 constrictor sensitivity. Methods. Female Wistar and GK rats were used. Apomorphine (APO)-mediated genital vasocongestive arousal (GVA) was measured. Functional contraction (ET-1 and phenylephrine) and relaxation (acetylcholine, ACh) in the presence or absence of the ETA receptor antagonist (ETAR; atrasentan) or Rho-kinase inhibitor (Y-27632) were assessed in the internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Protein expression of ET-1 and RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling pathway was determined in the internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Main Outcome Measure. APO-mediated GVAs; contraction and relaxation of internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries; ET-1/RhoA/Rho-kinase protein expression. Results. GK rats demonstrated no APO-induced GVAs. Internal pudendal arteries, but not mesenteric arteries, from GK rats exhibited greater contractile sensitivity to ET-1 compared with Wistar arteries. ETAR blockade reduced ET-1-mediated constriction in GK internal pudendal and mesenteric arteries. Rho-kinase inhibition reduced ET-1-mediated constriction of GK internal pudendal but not mesenteric arteries; however, it had no effect on arteries from Wistar rats. RhoA protein expression was elevated in GK internal pudendal arteries. At the highest concentrations, ACh-mediated relaxation was greater in the GK internal pudendal artery; however, no difference was observed in the mesenteric artery. Conclusions. Female GK rats demonstrate decreased sexual responses that may be because of increased constrictor sensitivity to the ET-1/RhoA/Rho-kinase signaling in the internal pudendal artery. Allahdadi KJ, Hannan JL, Ergul A, Tostes RC, and Webb RC. Internal pudendal artery from type 2 diabetic female rats demonstrate elevated endothelin-1-mediated constriction.

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