Cryotherapy is often used to affect the muscle underlying skin and subcutaneous tissues. However, the relationship between the penetrative ability of various cryotherapy methods and treatment time is not thoroughly understood. The purpose of this study was to measure muscle temperature responses during two frequently used cryotherapy techniques. A 23-gauge hypodermic needle microprobe was inserted to one-half skin-fold thickness plus 1 cm into the medial aspect of the gastrocnemius muscle of 14 subjects. Two groups of seven subjects each were measured for temperature changes during ice bag or ice massage treatment. Each treatment consisted of a 15- minute application of the selected method. A significant difference between the two was observed (t = -2.157, p ≤ 0.05). Ice massage achieved its lowest temperature in an average of 17.9 ± 2.4 minutes, while ice bag reached its lowest temperature in 28.2 ± 12.5 minutes. Ice massage appears to cool muscle more rapidly than ice bag.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy|
|State||Published - Apr 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation