Blast phase (BP) in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) frequently is accompanied by cytogenetic abnormalities in addition to t(9;22)(q34;q11.2). We describe 5 patients with CML in blast phase (CML-BP) in which t(9;22) and inv(16)(p13q22) were identified by conventional cytogenetics, with confirmation of BCR/ABL and CBFβ/MYH11 by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The morphologic findings at the time of BP resembled de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) carrying inv(16)(p13q22), with abnormal eosinophils in the bone marrow and monocytosis in the peripheral blood in all cases. In 1 patient, inv(16)(p13q22) and abnormal eosinophils were detected in the bone marrow 2 months before CML-BP. The clinical course of these patients was similar to patients with CML-BP without evidence of inv(16)(p13q22). These cases illustrate that inv(16)(p13q22) is a form of cytogenetic evolution that rarely occurs in patients with CML at the time of BP. In this setting, unlike de novo AML, inv(16)(p13q22) in CML-BP is not associated with a favorable prognosis.
- Blast phase
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia
- Clonal evolution
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine