Investigation of fundo-antral reflex in human beings

Satish S.C. Rao, Anjana Kumar, Brent Harris, Bruce Brown, Konrad S. Schulze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To examine the sensory and motor response(s) of the stomach following fundic distention and to assess whether cholinergic mechanisms influence these responses. Methods: Fundic tone, gastric sensory responses and antral motility were evaluated in eight healthy volunteers after a probe with two sensors was placed in the antrum and a highly compliant balloon in the fundus. Isobaric balloon distentions were performed with a barostat. Study was repeated in six volunteers after intravenous atropine was given. Results: Fundic distention induced large amplitude antral contractions in all subjects. The area under the curve was higher (P<0.05) during fundic distention. First sensation was reported at 12±4 mmHg, moderate sensation at 18±4 mmHg and discomfort at 21±4 mmHg. Discomfort was associated with a decrease in antral motility. After atropine was given, the area under the curve of pressure waves and fundic tone decreased (P<0.05). Sensory thresholds were not affected. Conclusions: Fundic balloon distention induces an antral motor response, the fundo-antral reflex, which in part may be mediated by cholinergic mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6676-6680
Number of pages5
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume11
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fundo-antral reflex
  • Gastric motility
  • Reflex
  • Sensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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