Irradiance differences in the violet (405 nm) and blue (460 nm) spectral ranges among dental light-curing units

Richard B T Price, Daniel Labrie, Frederick Rueggeberg, Christopher M. Felix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


Problem: Previous studies identified nonuniformity in the irradiance at the tip end of a variety of dental light-curing units (LCUs) and correlated those differences with potential clinical implications, but the spectral dependence of the irradiance uniformity has not yet been addressed. Purpose: This study examined the irradiance uniformity across emitting tips of LCUs at two emission wavelengths, 405 and 460 nm. Two broadband emission light units (quartz-tungsten-halogen [QTH] and plasma arc [PAC]), and four commercial light-emitting diode (LED)-type LCUs were examined. Materials and Methods: The spectral radiant power from six LCUs was measured using a laboratory grade spectroradiometer (Ocean Optics, Dunedin, FL, USA). The spatial and spectral characteristics of irradiance across the emitting tips of these light units were recorded through 10-nm wide bandpass filters (centered at 405 nm [violet] or 460 nm [blue]) using a laser beam analyzer (Ophir-Spiricon, Logan, UT, USA). Irradiance distributions were reported using two-dimensional contour and three-dimensional isometric color-coded images. Irradiance uniformity at the tip end was determined using the Top Hat Factor (THF) for each filtered wavelength. Results: Irradiance distributions from the QTH and PAC units were uniformly distributed across the tip end of the light guide, and THF values, measured through the 405 and 460-nm filters, were not significantly different. However, the three polywave LED units delivered non-uniform irradiance distributions with THF values differing significantly between the 405 and 460-nm emission wavelengths for each unit. Areas of nonuniformity were attributed to the locations of the various types of LED chips within the LCUs. Conclusion: All three polywave LED units delivered a nonuniform irradiance distribution across their emitting tip ends at the two important emission wavelengths of 405 nm and 460 nm, whereas the broadband light sources (QTH and PAC) showed no evidence of spectral inhomogeneity at these wavelengths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-377
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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