In an attempt to design species-specific primers for the detection of Candida krusei by polymerase chain reaction, a partial genomic DNA library from Candida krusei was screened for hybridization with radiolabeled genomic probes from a broad variety of fungal and bacterial species and from human. Species-specific candidate DNA inserts were then tested for hybridization with dot blots of DNA from various organisms. One 570-basepair insert from Candida krusei DNA that hybridized under stringent conditions only with DNA from Candida krusei and human was sequenced. It revealed considerable homology with the gene for the mitochondrial inner membrane protease I of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and the 147 amino acid residues deduced from an open reading frame showed considerable homology with the N-termial portion of the enzyme from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. From the sequence of the Candida krusei DNA fragment, a pair of 21-base oligonucleotide primers enclosing a 501-basepair sequence was designed for polymerase chain reaction. When these primers were tested with a broad range of genomic DNAs, the expected amplification was obtained only with Candida krusei DNA and not with DNA from any other source, including human. Experiments with DNA from mixed cultures of Candida krusei and other yeasts and bacteria showed that the polymerase chain reaction was specific for Candida krusei and that as few as ten cells could be detected.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology