Khat and synthetic cathinones: Emerging drugs of abuse with dental implications

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rising global availability of the stimulant and euphoric substances, khat and synthetic cathinones, has become a cause for concern in many countries, including the United States. Both substances are illegal in United States, although this has not deterred their use. Besides central nervous system effects, these drugs also cause sympathomimetic and orodental adverse effects, similar to those of amphetamine. Although synthetic cathinones are stronger than khat in most cases, the latter additionally contains tannins, which have astringent effects on tissues components, including those in the oral cavity. Recognizing the use prevalence and reported orodental adverse effects of khat and synthetic cathinones, dental practitioners should be more familiar with these substances to optimally treat and educate their patients abusing them. This paper reviews the pharmacology and adverse effects of khat and synthetic cathinones, along with the extent of their use in United States, with particular emphasis on dental implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Catha
Street Drugs
Tooth
Astringents
Central Nervous System Agents
Sympathomimetics
Tannins
Amphetamine
Mouth
Pharmacology
cathinone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Khat and synthetic cathinones : Emerging drugs of abuse with dental implications. / Abebe, Worku.

In: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology, Vol. 125, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 140-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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