L-type Ca2+ channel function in the avian embryonic heart after cardiac neural crest ablation

Carol A. Nichols, Tony L. Creazzo

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Abstract

In avian and mammalian embryos, surgical ablation or severely reduced migration of the cardiac neural crest leads to a failure of outflow tract septation known as persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) and leads to embryo lethality due partly to impaired excitation-contraction coupling stemming primarily from a reduction in the L-type Ca2+ current (I Ca,L). Decreased ICa,L occurs without a corresponding reduction in the α1-subunit of the Ca2+ channel. We hypothesize that decreased ICa,L is due to reduced function at the single channel level. The cell-attached patch clamp with Na+ as the charge carrier was used to examine single Ca2+ channel activity in myocytes from normal hearts from sham-operated embryos and from hearts diagnosed with PTA at embryonic days (ED) 11 and 15 after laser ablation of the cardiac neural crest. In normal hearts, the number of single channel events per 200-ms depolarization and the mean open channel probability (PO) was 1.89 ± 0.17 and 0.067 ± 0.008 for ED11 and 1.14 ± 0.17 and 0.044 ± 0.005 for ED15, respectively. These values represent a normal reduction in channel function and ICa,L observed with development. However, the number of single channel events was significantly reduced in hearts with PTA at both ED11 and ED15 (71% and 47%, respectively) with a corresponding reduction in PO (75% and 43%). The open time frequency histograms were best fitted by single exponentials with similar decay constants (τ ≅ 4.5 ms) except for the sham operated at ED15 (τ = 3.4 ms). These results indicate that the cardiac neural crest influences the development of myocardial Ca2+ channels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1173-H1178
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume288
Issue number3 57-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Excitation-contraction coupling
  • Heart defect
  • Heart development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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