Lack of association between LOXL1 variants and primary open-angle glaucoma in three different populations

Yutao Liu, Silke Schmidt, Xuejun Qin, Jason Gibson, Kristen Hutchins, Cecile Santiago-Turla, Janey L. Wiggs, Donald L. Budenz, Stephen Akafo, Pratap Challa, Leon W. Herndon, Michael A. Hauser, R. Rand Allingham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE. Significant association has recently been reported between pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3825942, and rs1048661, in the lysyl oxidase-like 1 gene (LOXL1). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether XFG-associated variants of LOXL1 play a significant role in primary open-angle glaucoma in the Caucasian, African-American, and Ghanaian (West-African) populations. METHODS. POAG was defined as the presence of glaucomatous optic nerve damage, associated visual field loss, and elevated intraocular pressure (>22 mm Hg in both eyes). Thirteen tagging SNPs were genotyped by allelic discrimination assays in the Caucasian (279 cases and 227 controls), African-American (193 cases and 97 controls), and Ghanaian (170 cases and 138 controls) populations. Allele and genotype frequencies were compared between the cases and controls from each population. RESULTS. None of the SNPs associated with XFG in LOXL1 were significantly associated with POAG in these populations. The risk allele frequencies for rs2165241 and rs3825942 were significantly lower in the African-American and Ghanaian populations, compared with Caucasian individuals. CONCLUSIONS. There was no association between SNPs in the LOXL1 gene and POAG. This is the first analysis of the LOXL1 gene in African-American and West-African populations. LOXL1 gene variants do not appear to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of POAG in populations of either Caucasian or West-African ancestry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3465-3468
Number of pages4
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Protein-Lysine 6-Oxidase
Population
Genes
African Americans
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Gene Frequency
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma
Optic Nerve
Visual Fields
Intraocular Pressure
Glaucoma
Genotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Lack of association between LOXL1 variants and primary open-angle glaucoma in three different populations. / Liu, Yutao; Schmidt, Silke; Qin, Xuejun; Gibson, Jason; Hutchins, Kristen; Santiago-Turla, Cecile; Wiggs, Janey L.; Budenz, Donald L.; Akafo, Stephen; Challa, Pratap; Herndon, Leon W.; Hauser, Michael A.; Allingham, R. Rand.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 49, No. 8, 01.08.2008, p. 3465-3468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liu, Y, Schmidt, S, Qin, X, Gibson, J, Hutchins, K, Santiago-Turla, C, Wiggs, JL, Budenz, DL, Akafo, S, Challa, P, Herndon, LW, Hauser, MA & Allingham, RR 2008, 'Lack of association between LOXL1 variants and primary open-angle glaucoma in three different populations', Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 3465-3468. https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-1850
Liu, Yutao ; Schmidt, Silke ; Qin, Xuejun ; Gibson, Jason ; Hutchins, Kristen ; Santiago-Turla, Cecile ; Wiggs, Janey L. ; Budenz, Donald L. ; Akafo, Stephen ; Challa, Pratap ; Herndon, Leon W. ; Hauser, Michael A. ; Allingham, R. Rand. / Lack of association between LOXL1 variants and primary open-angle glaucoma in three different populations. In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2008 ; Vol. 49, No. 8. pp. 3465-3468.
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AU - Liu, Yutao

AU - Schmidt, Silke

AU - Qin, Xuejun

AU - Gibson, Jason

AU - Hutchins, Kristen

AU - Santiago-Turla, Cecile

AU - Wiggs, Janey L.

AU - Budenz, Donald L.

AU - Akafo, Stephen

AU - Challa, Pratap

AU - Herndon, Leon W.

AU - Hauser, Michael A.

AU - Allingham, R. Rand

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N2 - PURPOSE. Significant association has recently been reported between pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3825942, and rs1048661, in the lysyl oxidase-like 1 gene (LOXL1). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether XFG-associated variants of LOXL1 play a significant role in primary open-angle glaucoma in the Caucasian, African-American, and Ghanaian (West-African) populations. METHODS. POAG was defined as the presence of glaucomatous optic nerve damage, associated visual field loss, and elevated intraocular pressure (>22 mm Hg in both eyes). Thirteen tagging SNPs were genotyped by allelic discrimination assays in the Caucasian (279 cases and 227 controls), African-American (193 cases and 97 controls), and Ghanaian (170 cases and 138 controls) populations. Allele and genotype frequencies were compared between the cases and controls from each population. RESULTS. None of the SNPs associated with XFG in LOXL1 were significantly associated with POAG in these populations. The risk allele frequencies for rs2165241 and rs3825942 were significantly lower in the African-American and Ghanaian populations, compared with Caucasian individuals. CONCLUSIONS. There was no association between SNPs in the LOXL1 gene and POAG. This is the first analysis of the LOXL1 gene in African-American and West-African populations. LOXL1 gene variants do not appear to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of POAG in populations of either Caucasian or West-African ancestry.

AB - PURPOSE. Significant association has recently been reported between pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (XFG) and two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs3825942, and rs1048661, in the lysyl oxidase-like 1 gene (LOXL1). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether XFG-associated variants of LOXL1 play a significant role in primary open-angle glaucoma in the Caucasian, African-American, and Ghanaian (West-African) populations. METHODS. POAG was defined as the presence of glaucomatous optic nerve damage, associated visual field loss, and elevated intraocular pressure (>22 mm Hg in both eyes). Thirteen tagging SNPs were genotyped by allelic discrimination assays in the Caucasian (279 cases and 227 controls), African-American (193 cases and 97 controls), and Ghanaian (170 cases and 138 controls) populations. Allele and genotype frequencies were compared between the cases and controls from each population. RESULTS. None of the SNPs associated with XFG in LOXL1 were significantly associated with POAG in these populations. The risk allele frequencies for rs2165241 and rs3825942 were significantly lower in the African-American and Ghanaian populations, compared with Caucasian individuals. CONCLUSIONS. There was no association between SNPs in the LOXL1 gene and POAG. This is the first analysis of the LOXL1 gene in African-American and West-African populations. LOXL1 gene variants do not appear to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of POAG in populations of either Caucasian or West-African ancestry.

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