Aphasia occurred in 244 of 1030 patients with head wounds, correlating with gunshot cause (p < 0.03) and initial loss of consciousness (p < 10-6). Aphasia disappeared within 10 years in 84 cases (34%). Sensorimotor aphasia usually changed to motor aphasia; motor aphasia disappeared and sensory aphasia persisted. These improvements continued years after the accompanying hemiparesis stabilized, and were not related to wound site, depth, or whether the wound was caused by gunshot or fragment. Parietal wounds caused hemiparesis more often (p < 10-6) than did wounds elsewhere. Regardless of the features of the hemiparesis initially, the severity of the final syndrome was greatest in the hand and arm and least in the face.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology