Large and small tumor antigens from simian virus 40 have identical amino termini mapping at 0.65 map units

E. Paucha, A. Mellor, R. Harvey, A. E. Smith, R. M. Hewick, M. D. Waterfield

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Abstract

Large and small tumor (T) antigens of simian virus 40 were synthesized in vitro with L-cell extracts that had been treated by the method of Palmiter to prevent amino-terminal acetylation of nascent proteins. Partial amino-terminal amino acid sequences of both forms of T-antigen were determined and found to be identical. Methionine residues were located at positions 1 and 14, a lysine residue at position 3, and leucine residues at positions 5, 11, 13, 16, 17, and 19. These amino acid sequence data match perfectly the amino acid sequence predicted from a sequence of nucleotides in the E strand of simian virus 40 DNA which begins near the junction between HindII/III fragments A and C at about 0.65 map units. This strongly suggests that the sequence coding for the amino terminus of both proteins is located at this position. Furthermore, the data are consistent with a model for the synthesis of both forms of T-antigen that predicts that: small T-antigen is coded for by a sequence of nucleotides from the 5' end of the early region; and large T-antigen is coded for by nucleotide sequences from two noncontiguous regions of simian virus 40 DNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2165-2169
Number of pages5
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1978

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Paucha, E., Mellor, A., Harvey, R., Smith, A. E., Hewick, R. M., & Waterfield, M. D. (1978). Large and small tumor antigens from simian virus 40 have identical amino termini mapping at 0.65 map units. Unknown Journal, 75(5), 2165-2169. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.75.5.2165