Long-acting cabotegravir and rilpivirine for HIV-1 suppression: switch to 2-monthly dosing after 5 years of daily oral therapy

Anthony Mills, Gary J. Richmond, Cheryl Newman, Olayemi Osiyemi, Jerry Cade, Cynthia Brinson, Jerome de Vente, David A. Margolis, Kenneth C. Sutton, Viviana Wilches, Sarah Hatch, Jeremy Roberts, Cynthia McCoig, Cindy Garris, Kati Vandermeulen, William R. Spreen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Long-acting formulations of cabotegravir (CAB) and rilpivirine (RPV) have demonstrated efficacy in Phase 3 studies. POLAR (NCT03639311) assessed antiviral activity and safety of CABþRPV long-acting administered every 2 months (Q2M) in adults living with HIV-1 who previously received daily oral CABþRPV in LATTE (NCT01641809). Design: A Phase 2b, multicenter, open-label, rollover study. Methods: LATTE participants with plasma HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/ml who completed at least 300 weeks on study were eligible. Participants elected to switch to either CABþRPV long-acting Q2M or daily oral dolutegravir/RPV for maintenance of virologic suppression. The primary endpoint was the proportion of participants with HIV-1 RNA greater than or equal to 50 copies/ml at Month 12 (M12) per the Food and Drug Administration Snapshot algorithm. The incidence of confirmed virologic failure (CVF, two consecutive HIV-1 RNA measurements greater than or equal to 200 copies/ml), as well as safety, laboratory, and patient-reported outcomes (HIV Treatment Satisfaction and preference questionnaires) were also assessed. Results: Of 97 participants enrolled, 90 chose to receive CABþRPV long-acting and seven chose dolutegravir/RPV. At M12, no participant had HIV-1 RNA greater than or equal to 50 copies/ml or met the CVF criterion in either treatment group. No new safety signals were identified. Total treatment satisfaction was high at Baseline and remained stable through M12 across both treatment groups. Overall, 88% (n = 77/88) of long-acting arm participants preferred CABþRPV long-acting to oral CABþRPV. Conclusion: CABþRPV long-acting maintained virologic suppression in participants who had previously received daily oral CABþRPV for at least 5 years in LATTE, with a favorable safety profile. Most participants preferred CABþRPV long-acting to their prior oral CABþRPV regimen at M12.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-203
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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