Secondary imatinib resistance in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is associated in approximately 50% of cases with mutations in the BCR-ABL kinase domain, necessitating switch to one of several new tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that act differentially on mutated BCR-ABL. We assess here whether scoring mutation based on in vitro inhibitory concentration of each TKI-mutation pair can predict long-term clinical outcome. Among 169 patients with CML after imatinib failure, mutations were detected before TKI switch in 41 (48%) treated with dasatinib and 45 (52%) treated with nilotinib. Inhibitory concentration values for each TKImutation pair were stratified into high (n = 42), intermediate (n = 25), low (T315I, n = 9), or unknown sensitivity (n = 10). Hematologic and cytogenetic response rates were similar for patients with or without mutations. For patients in chronic phase, hematologic and cytogenetic responses correlated with mutation score; tumors with low and intermediate scores had lower response rates than those with highly sensitive mutations, and worse event-free and overall survival. These correlations with overall survival were not seen for advanced phases. Mutation scoring can predict outcome in CML-chronic phase with imatinib failure treated with second-generation TKIs and can help in therapy selection. More complex prognostic models will be required for advanced stages of disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology