Background: The objectives of this study were to examine longitudinal time trends, to predict thresholds of improvement in each dimension of health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and to identify long-term predictors of HRQoL. Methods: This study analyzed 353 laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) patients. Disease-specific Gastrointestinal Quality-of-Life Index (GIQLI) and generic Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36) scores were obtained immediately before surgery, then 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. Generalized estimating equations and piecewise linear regression models were used. Results: The examined population significantly (p < 0.05) improved in both SF-36 and GIQLI subscale scores. The HRQoL dimensions were substantially improved the sixth month after surgery and continued improving until they reached a plateau at 54.93 to 73.18 months. The data also showed the following explanatory variables for HRQoL: time, age, gender, Charlson Comorbidity Index, and preoperative GIQLI and SF-36 subscale scores. Conclusions: As shown by the findings, the HRQoL scores improved substantially by the sixth month after surgery and continued improving until they reached a 4- to 7-year threshold, indicating that change trends in HRQoL dimensions may vary. Although HRQoL scores were substantially improved after cholecystectomy, the improvements were associated with preoperative functional status and demographic characteristics.
- Gastrointestinal Quality-of-Life Index (GIQLI)
- Health-related quality of life
- Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
- Short-Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36)
ASJC Scopus subject areas