Long-Term Quality of Life Outcomes Following Nissen Versus Toupet Fundoplication in Patients with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Rebecca L. Gunter, Amber L. Shada, Luke M. Funk, Xing Wang, Jacob A. Greenberg, Anne O. Lidor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Introduction: Laparoscopic fundoplication is the gold standard treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refractory to medical management. Although many studies have compared Nissen fundoplication (NF) to Toupet fundoplication (TF), it is unclear which operation provides the best long-term reflux control. The objective of this study was to evaluate long-term quality-of-life (QoL) outcomes after NF versus TF. Methods: Clinical data from our single academic institutional foregut database were used to identify patients who underwent NF or TF (June 2010 to May 2016). Postoperative QoL was assessed through telephone at 1, 3, or 5 years postsurgery, using GERD-health related quality of life (GERD-HRQL), Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI), and Eckardt Dysphagia scores. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and satisfaction with surgery were also obtained. Trends in outcomes over time were analyzed by logistic regression or Cochran-Armitage trend test. Results: Our cohort included 155 TF and 161 NF patients. TF patients reported baseline dysphagia at higher rates (42.6% versus 19.9%; P < .001) and had worse preoperative esophageal dysmotility than NF patients. There were no significant differences in GERD-HRQL or GCSI scores between TF and NF patients at any time point postoperatively. Long-term satisfaction was equivalent between TF and NF patients 5 years postoperatively (70.0% versus 77.4%; P = .67). NF patients had higher Eckardt dysphagia scores 1 year after surgery compared to TF patients, but this difference was not present at 3 or 5 years postoperatively. Over time, PPI use increased and there was a trend toward increased GERD-HRQL scores in the TF group. Conclusions: Both TF and NF provide excellent long-term satisfaction for patients with GERD. NF and TF patients reported similar postoperative QoL scores. Our finding of increasing PPI use and a trend toward worsening GERD scores following TF warrants additional investigation regarding the long-term durability of TF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)931-936
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • GERD
  • laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication
  • laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication
  • long-term outcomes
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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