A short-separation, optical reflectance probe has been developed to assist the neurosurgeon in functional neurosurgery for accurate localization of the surgical target. Because of the scattering nature of tissue, the optical probe has a "Look Ahead Distance" (LAD), at which the measured optical reflectance starts to "see" or "sense" the underlying brain structure due to the difference in light scattering of tissue. To quantify the LAD, 2-layer laboratory phantoms have been developed to mimic gray and white matter of the brain, and Monte Carlo simulations have been also used to confirm the experimental findings. Based on both the laboratory and simulation results, a quantitative empirical equation is developed to express the LAD as a function of scattering coefficient of the measured tissue for a 400-micron-diameter fiber probe. The quantified LAD of the probe is highly desirable so as to improve the spatial resolution of the probe for better surgery guidance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics