Loss of heterozygosity for the short arm of chromosome 7 in sporadic Wilms tumour

Richard G. Grundy, John Pritchard, Peter Scambler, John K. Cowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytogenetic analysis of Wilms tumours (WT) have shown that abnormalities involving chromosome 7 occur in approximately 25% of tumours. In some cases, these abnormalities involve deletions of the short arm, and are seen as the sole cytogenetic change, strongly suggesting the presence of a tumour suppressor gene in this location. Since loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies have been crucial in defining chromosomal regions involved in Wilms tumorigenesis, we have analysed 40 sporadic Wilms tumours using a panel of 10 microsatelite polymorphic markers distributed along the length of the chromosome arm. In our series, four tumours (10%) showed allelic loss for 7p markers which is twice the background rate of LOH in WT. The shortest common region of overlap of LOH was located between markers D7S517-D7S503 in band 7p21-15. In one tumour there was evidence for a homozygous, interstitial deletion at a locus within this region. These findings provide strong evidence for the existence of a tumour suppressor gene involved in Wilms tumorigenesis and defines the critical region of the chromosome involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-400
Number of pages6
JournalOncogene
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 1998

Keywords

  • LOH 7p
  • WT tumour suppresskor gene 7p 21-15
  • Wilms tumour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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