NF-κB has been implicated in the development, activation, and function of B and T lymphocytes. We have evaluated the in vivo effects of deletion of IκB-α, a major inhibitor of NF-κB, on lymphocyte development, proliferation, and function. To elucidate the long term role of IκB-α in lymphocytes, fetal liver cells of 14.5-day-old IκB-α(-/-) or wild-type embryos were transplanted into irradiated recombinase-activating gene-2-deficient mice. Within 4 wk, the IκB-α(-/-) fetal liver cells reconstitute mature B and T cell populations in the recipients comparable to those produced by wild-type fetal liver cells. However, the proliferative responses of IκB-α(-/-) B cells are enhanced, whereas those of IκB-α(-/-) T cells are reduced. The levels of IgG1, IgG2a, IgA, and IgE produced by IκB-α(-/-) B cells are elevated relative to those produced by IκB-α(+/+) or IκB-α(+/-). Moreover, the specific immune responses to OVA and the generation of germinal centers are impaired in recipients of IκB-α(-/-) fetal liver cells. These results indicate that IκB-α plays a vital role in signal transduction pathways regulating lymphocyte proliferation and also in the production of specific Ig isotypes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy