Lysophosphatidic acid, serum, and hyposmolarity activate Cl- currents in corneal keratocytes

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The influence of serum, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), and hyposmotic stress on the ion channel activity of normal and cryo-injured rabbit corneal keratocytes was investigated. Whole cell currents were examined using the amphotericin perforated-patch technique. In cells from wounded corneas, fetal bovine serum activated large, holding voltage-insensitive, fast-activating, 4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS)-, flufenamic acid-, and 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid (NPPB)-blockable outward currents showing inactivation at depolarized voltages. LPA activated identical currents, also only in cells from wounded corneas. Blocker and reversal potential experiments characterized the current as a Cl- current (I(Cl)). Lysophosphatidylcholine (10 μM) failed to activate the current. An identical current was activated by hyposmotic stimulation in cells from control and wounded corneas. Hyposmotic stimulation also activated I(Cl) in cells from wounded corneas that were unresponsive to LPA. We conclude that serum, LPA, and hypotonic stress activate I(Cl) in keratocytes from wounded corneas. We also conclude that LPA is a serum factor that can activate I(Cl) and that hyposmotic activation may work through a signaling pathway separate from that of LPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1385-C1393
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume269
Issue number6 38-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • New Zealand White rabbit
  • chloride channel
  • lysophosphatidylcholine
  • patch clamp
  • wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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