Material-specific learning in patients with partial complex seizures of temporal lobe origin: Convergent validation of memory constructs

David W. Loring, Gregory P Lee, Roy C. Martin, Kimford J. Meador

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuropsychological assessment is a useful adjunct in the evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery candidates because it demonstrates relative impairment of either verbal or visual-spatial learning. We examined material-specific learning during the preoperative neuropsychological evaluation in a series of temporal lobectomy candidates. Four tests were administered, two designed to assess verbal learning (Selective Reminding and Serial Digit Learning) and two to measure visual-spatial learning (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure and Form Sequence Learning). Accurate prediction of seizure onset was most reliable when a consistent dissociation between verbal and visual-spatial memory performances existed for all tests of material-specific learning. The results suggest that multiple measures of material-specific memory constructs should be obtained when attempting to assess relative memory impairment associated with unilateral temporal lobe seizure onset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Epilepsy
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

Fingerprint

Temporal Lobe
Seizures
Learning
Serial Learning
Verbal Learning
Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
Spatial Learning

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • Memory
  • Temporal lobectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Material-specific learning in patients with partial complex seizures of temporal lobe origin : Convergent validation of memory constructs. / Loring, David W.; Lee, Gregory P; Martin, Roy C.; Meador, Kimford J.

In: Journal of Epilepsy, Vol. 1, No. 2, 01.01.1988, p. 53-59.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Loring, David W. ; Lee, Gregory P ; Martin, Roy C. ; Meador, Kimford J. / Material-specific learning in patients with partial complex seizures of temporal lobe origin : Convergent validation of memory constructs. In: Journal of Epilepsy. 1988 ; Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 53-59.
@article{35e4fe8f6ca74eaeb2c43306c493e04a,
title = "Material-specific learning in patients with partial complex seizures of temporal lobe origin: Convergent validation of memory constructs",
abstract = "Neuropsychological assessment is a useful adjunct in the evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery candidates because it demonstrates relative impairment of either verbal or visual-spatial learning. We examined material-specific learning during the preoperative neuropsychological evaluation in a series of temporal lobectomy candidates. Four tests were administered, two designed to assess verbal learning (Selective Reminding and Serial Digit Learning) and two to measure visual-spatial learning (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure and Form Sequence Learning). Accurate prediction of seizure onset was most reliable when a consistent dissociation between verbal and visual-spatial memory performances existed for all tests of material-specific learning. The results suggest that multiple measures of material-specific memory constructs should be obtained when attempting to assess relative memory impairment associated with unilateral temporal lobe seizure onset.",
keywords = "Epilepsy, Memory, Temporal lobectomy",
author = "Loring, {David W.} and Lee, {Gregory P} and Martin, {Roy C.} and Meador, {Kimford J.}",
year = "1988",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0896-6974(88)80057-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1",
pages = "53--59",
journal = "Epilepsy Research",
issn = "0920-1211",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Material-specific learning in patients with partial complex seizures of temporal lobe origin

T2 - Convergent validation of memory constructs

AU - Loring, David W.

AU - Lee, Gregory P

AU - Martin, Roy C.

AU - Meador, Kimford J.

PY - 1988/1/1

Y1 - 1988/1/1

N2 - Neuropsychological assessment is a useful adjunct in the evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery candidates because it demonstrates relative impairment of either verbal or visual-spatial learning. We examined material-specific learning during the preoperative neuropsychological evaluation in a series of temporal lobectomy candidates. Four tests were administered, two designed to assess verbal learning (Selective Reminding and Serial Digit Learning) and two to measure visual-spatial learning (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure and Form Sequence Learning). Accurate prediction of seizure onset was most reliable when a consistent dissociation between verbal and visual-spatial memory performances existed for all tests of material-specific learning. The results suggest that multiple measures of material-specific memory constructs should be obtained when attempting to assess relative memory impairment associated with unilateral temporal lobe seizure onset.

AB - Neuropsychological assessment is a useful adjunct in the evaluation of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery candidates because it demonstrates relative impairment of either verbal or visual-spatial learning. We examined material-specific learning during the preoperative neuropsychological evaluation in a series of temporal lobectomy candidates. Four tests were administered, two designed to assess verbal learning (Selective Reminding and Serial Digit Learning) and two to measure visual-spatial learning (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure and Form Sequence Learning). Accurate prediction of seizure onset was most reliable when a consistent dissociation between verbal and visual-spatial memory performances existed for all tests of material-specific learning. The results suggest that multiple measures of material-specific memory constructs should be obtained when attempting to assess relative memory impairment associated with unilateral temporal lobe seizure onset.

KW - Epilepsy

KW - Memory

KW - Temporal lobectomy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0002875636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0002875636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0896-6974(88)80057-4

DO - 10.1016/S0896-6974(88)80057-4

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0002875636

VL - 1

SP - 53

EP - 59

JO - Epilepsy Research

JF - Epilepsy Research

SN - 0920-1211

IS - 2

ER -