Maternal stress predicts postpartum weight retention

Kara Whitaker, Deborah Young-Hyman, Marlo M Cavnar Vernon, Sara Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is a significant contributor to the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Stress may be a key mechanism making it more difficult for mothers to lose weight in the year following delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether specific aspects of parenting stress and life stress influence postpartum weight retention in new mothers. Women in late pregnancy or up to 2 months postpartum (n = 123) were enrolled in the study and followed through the first year postpartum. Linear regression models evaluated the associations of parenting stress (isolation, attachment and depressive symptoms) as well as overall life stress at 2, 6, and 12 months postpartum with PPWR at 6 and 12 months. During the first year postpartum, higher depression and life stress were significantly associated with greater PPWR. As the effect of depression diminished, the effect of life stress became significant. Contrary to hypothesized relationships, fewer problems with attachment and less social isolation were significantly associated with greater PPWR. Higher gestational weight gain and African American race were also significantly associated with greater PPWR at both 6 and 12 months. Different types of stress predict weight retention in first time mothers during the first year postpartum. Understanding the relationships between parenting stress, concurrent life stress and PPWR can enhance the development of future interventions that specifically target self-identified stressors, leading to improved weight related outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2209-2217
Number of pages9
JournalMaternal and child health journal
Volume18
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Postpartum Period
Mothers
Weights and Measures
Psychological Stress
Parenting
Linear Models
Depression
Postpartum Depression
Social Isolation
African Americans
Weight Gain
Obesity
Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Maternal stress predicts postpartum weight retention. / Whitaker, Kara; Young-Hyman, Deborah; Vernon, Marlo M Cavnar; Wilcox, Sara.

In: Maternal and child health journal, Vol. 18, No. 9, 01.11.2014, p. 2209-2217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Whitaker, Kara ; Young-Hyman, Deborah ; Vernon, Marlo M Cavnar ; Wilcox, Sara. / Maternal stress predicts postpartum weight retention. In: Maternal and child health journal. 2014 ; Vol. 18, No. 9. pp. 2209-2217.
@article{b93b011b372840a0a47011a5b0d9ff1f,
title = "Maternal stress predicts postpartum weight retention",
abstract = "Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is a significant contributor to the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Stress may be a key mechanism making it more difficult for mothers to lose weight in the year following delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether specific aspects of parenting stress and life stress influence postpartum weight retention in new mothers. Women in late pregnancy or up to 2 months postpartum (n = 123) were enrolled in the study and followed through the first year postpartum. Linear regression models evaluated the associations of parenting stress (isolation, attachment and depressive symptoms) as well as overall life stress at 2, 6, and 12 months postpartum with PPWR at 6 and 12 months. During the first year postpartum, higher depression and life stress were significantly associated with greater PPWR. As the effect of depression diminished, the effect of life stress became significant. Contrary to hypothesized relationships, fewer problems with attachment and less social isolation were significantly associated with greater PPWR. Higher gestational weight gain and African American race were also significantly associated with greater PPWR at both 6 and 12 months. Different types of stress predict weight retention in first time mothers during the first year postpartum. Understanding the relationships between parenting stress, concurrent life stress and PPWR can enhance the development of future interventions that specifically target self-identified stressors, leading to improved weight related outcomes.",
author = "Kara Whitaker and Deborah Young-Hyman and Vernon, {Marlo M Cavnar} and Sara Wilcox",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10995-014-1470-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "2209--2217",
journal = "Maternal and Child Health Journal",
issn = "1092-7875",
publisher = "Springer GmbH & Co, Auslieferungs-Gesellschaf",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal stress predicts postpartum weight retention

AU - Whitaker, Kara

AU - Young-Hyman, Deborah

AU - Vernon, Marlo M Cavnar

AU - Wilcox, Sara

PY - 2014/11/1

Y1 - 2014/11/1

N2 - Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is a significant contributor to the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Stress may be a key mechanism making it more difficult for mothers to lose weight in the year following delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether specific aspects of parenting stress and life stress influence postpartum weight retention in new mothers. Women in late pregnancy or up to 2 months postpartum (n = 123) were enrolled in the study and followed through the first year postpartum. Linear regression models evaluated the associations of parenting stress (isolation, attachment and depressive symptoms) as well as overall life stress at 2, 6, and 12 months postpartum with PPWR at 6 and 12 months. During the first year postpartum, higher depression and life stress were significantly associated with greater PPWR. As the effect of depression diminished, the effect of life stress became significant. Contrary to hypothesized relationships, fewer problems with attachment and less social isolation were significantly associated with greater PPWR. Higher gestational weight gain and African American race were also significantly associated with greater PPWR at both 6 and 12 months. Different types of stress predict weight retention in first time mothers during the first year postpartum. Understanding the relationships between parenting stress, concurrent life stress and PPWR can enhance the development of future interventions that specifically target self-identified stressors, leading to improved weight related outcomes.

AB - Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is a significant contributor to the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Stress may be a key mechanism making it more difficult for mothers to lose weight in the year following delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether specific aspects of parenting stress and life stress influence postpartum weight retention in new mothers. Women in late pregnancy or up to 2 months postpartum (n = 123) were enrolled in the study and followed through the first year postpartum. Linear regression models evaluated the associations of parenting stress (isolation, attachment and depressive symptoms) as well as overall life stress at 2, 6, and 12 months postpartum with PPWR at 6 and 12 months. During the first year postpartum, higher depression and life stress were significantly associated with greater PPWR. As the effect of depression diminished, the effect of life stress became significant. Contrary to hypothesized relationships, fewer problems with attachment and less social isolation were significantly associated with greater PPWR. Higher gestational weight gain and African American race were also significantly associated with greater PPWR at both 6 and 12 months. Different types of stress predict weight retention in first time mothers during the first year postpartum. Understanding the relationships between parenting stress, concurrent life stress and PPWR can enhance the development of future interventions that specifically target self-identified stressors, leading to improved weight related outcomes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027948383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027948383&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10995-014-1470-7

DO - 10.1007/s10995-014-1470-7

M3 - Article

C2 - 24760321

AN - SCOPUS:85027948383

VL - 18

SP - 2209

EP - 2217

JO - Maternal and Child Health Journal

JF - Maternal and Child Health Journal

SN - 1092-7875

IS - 9

ER -