Measuring job creation for HOPE VI: a success story for community development efforts

Matthew J. Hanka, John I. Gilderbloom, Wesley L. Meares, Mobin Khan, Keith E. Wresinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the federal government’s largest housing programs over the past 20 years, HOPE VI, has reduced the concentration of poverty, changed the physical shape of housing, and provided supportive services. HOPE VI has leveraged government funds and private investments to achieve the goal of revitalizing neighborhoods throughout the United States. The sheer magnitude of the program has created much research on the effects of HOPE VI. However, little research has examined the impact HOPE VI has had on job creation. Using three economic multiplier models (preservation economic impact model, the economic impact forecasting system model, and impact analysis for planning), our analysis showed that HOPE VI helped revitalize two small Kentucky cities: Newport and Covington. In these two cities, our findings show a significant number of jobs generated by the creation of attractive, affordable housing. These findings suggest that policymakers should focus on job creation when planning programs like HOPE VI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-148
Number of pages16
JournalCommunity Development
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2015

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Keywords

  • HOPE VI
  • economic multiplier
  • housing
  • job creation
  • neighborhoods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Sociology and Political Science

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