Measuring the adoption and integration of virtual patient simulations in nursing education: An exploratory factor analysis

Amanda Joy Kleinheksel, Albert D. Ritzhaupt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study sought to develop a valid and reliable instrument to identify the characteristics of computer-based, interactive, and asynchronous virtual patient simulations that nurse educators identify as important for adoption, and the subsequent curricular integration strategies they employed. Once these factors were identified, this study also sought to explore any relationships between the influential features for adoption and the ways in which the adopted virtual patients are integrated. Data were collected with the Virtual Patient Adoption and Integration in Nursing (VPAIN) survey, which was completed by 178 nurse educators who were currently using, or had previously used virtual patient simulations. Both exploratory factor analysis and correlation analysis were conducted. Through exploratory factor analysis, 55.6% of the variance in the VPAIN adoption subscale data was accounted for by the nine adoption factors identified: Trustworthiness, Worldbuilding, Pedagogy, Differentiation, Encouragement, Clarity, Evaluation, Administrative Pressure, and Visibility. The factor analysis also identified five factors within the integration subscale, which accounted for 53.3% of the variance: Hour Replacement, Intensive Integration, Leveling, Preparation, and Benchmarking. A correlation analysis was conducted to identify relationships between the adoption and integration factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-29
Number of pages19
JournalComputers and Education
Volume108
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nursing
Factor analysis
factor analysis
nursing
Education
simulation
education
nurse
educator
integration strategy
Benchmarking
levelling
trustworthiness
Visibility
benchmarking
evaluation

Keywords

  • Nursing education
  • Simulations
  • Technology adoption
  • Technology integration
  • Virtual patients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Measuring the adoption and integration of virtual patient simulations in nursing education : An exploratory factor analysis. / Kleinheksel, Amanda Joy; Ritzhaupt, Albert D.

In: Computers and Education, Vol. 108, 01.05.2017, p. 11-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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