We have recently shown that epithelial sodium channels (ENaC) are regulated by the actin-binding protein cortactin via the Arp2/3 protein complex. However, it has been also demonstrated that GTPase, dynamin, which is known to regulate clathrin-mediated endocytosis, can as well initiate signaling cascades regulated by cortactin. This study was designed to investigate the involvement of dynamin into cortactin-mediated regulation of ENaC. Initially, a recently described inhibitor of dynamin, dynasore, was used. However, use of this inhibitor seemed to be inappropriate due to discovered side effects. F. i., treatment of mpkCCDc14 cells monolayers with dynasore (in concentrations of 10 and 100 μM) resulted in a decrease in ENaC-mediated transepithelial currents. Besides, the same concentrations of dynasore caused reduced currents in CHO cells transfected with ENaC subunits. Therefore, the data demonstrated that dynasore down regulates both native and overexpressed channel's activity and is not suitable for studies of a role of dynamin in the clathrin-mediated endocytosis of ENaC. This effect is most likely caused either by dynasore's toxic effect upon the cells or by enhanced endocytosis of ENaC-activating proteins. In the following experiments designed to study the role of dynamin different plasmids encoding mutant forms of dynamin and cortactin were used. Dominant negative dynamin K44A transfected into CHO cells together with ENaC subunits significantly increased amiloride-sensitivc current density compared to cells transfected with ENaC subunits only (control); additional transfection of cortactin in this system resulted in current density restitution back to the control level. Moreover, ENaC overexprcssion with the SH3 domain of cortactin, which is responsible for dynamin binding, caused a decrease if ENaC current. Thus, we have shown in this study that cortactin can mediate ENaC activity not only via the Arp2/3 complex, but apart from that dynamin and related processes also might be involved into ENaC regulation by cortactin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2011|
- Epithelial cells
- Sodium transport
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine