T-cell proliferative responses of lymph node cells are profoundly suppressed during experimental infections of mice with Trypanosoma brucei. The active suppression of lymph node T-cell proliferative responses is attributed to the coexistence of at least two unlinked suppressive mechanisms that block different T-cell regulatory steps and operate through different effector mechanisms. The generation of prostaglandin-producing macrophages is entirely responsible for the suppression of IL-2 production whereas the induction of a prostaglandin-independent suppressive mechanism accounts for the suppression of the expression of IL-2 receptors (IL-2R). Both mechanisms are mediated by the cells that co-purify which macrophages. Despite an impairment at the level of T-cell proliferation, lymph node cells from T. brucei infected animals produce substantial amounts of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and this lymphokine participates in the down-regulation of IL-2R expression. T-brucei-pulsed macrophage cell lines acquire concomitantly the potential to suppress T-cell proliferative responses and to stimulate CD8+ T-cells to secrete IFN-gamma. The sensibilization of CD8+ T cells by T. brucei-pulsed macrophages might be mediated by TNF-alpha. Collectively, these results indicate that the uptake of T. brucei by macrophages, either in vivo or in vitro, results in the generation of suppressive cells that annihilate T-cell proliferative responses. Furthermore, at least two cytokines (i.e., TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma) are released during these interactions. Besides playing a role in the pathway of T-cell immunosuppression, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma could also contribute to immunopathological features that occur during trypanosome infections.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Annales de la Société belge de médecine tropicale|
|Volume||72 Suppl 1|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases