Medicinal properties of the Jamaican pepper plant pimenta dioica and allspice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Caribbean tropical tree, Pimenta dioica has been used for a variety of human endeavors, such as in perfumery industry, food spice, as a natural pesticide, and in folk medicine. Discovered in Jamaica during the voyages of Christopher Columbus, the dried unripe berries of P. dioica also known as Allspice can be found in all continents with unique names in over 50 languages. Systematic investigation of aromatic constituents of Pimenta leaves and its unripe berries, Allspice, have resulted in discovery of many and novel aromatic compounds, mostly glycosides and polyphenols that show antibacterial, hypotensive, anti-neuralgic and analgesic properties. Recent studies have shown two of the known compounds isolated from Allspice, Eugenol and Gallic acid have selective antiproliferative and anti-tumor properties on human cancer cells and their animal models. New characterization of novel compounds such as Ericifolin from the aqueous extract of Allspice berries show potent anti-prostate cancer and anti-breast cancer properties that can be verified in vitro as well as in vivo. Considering its purity, mostly available as "organically grown" berries, availability at low cost, wide acceptance in culinary delights of many cultures world-wide, Allspice may have an additional space in most households, in their medicine cabinets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1900-1906
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent drug targets
Volume13
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Fingerprint

Pimenta
Medicine
Eugenol
Gallic Acid
Aromatic compounds
Polyphenols
Glycosides
Pesticides
Fruit
Analgesics
Tumors
Animals
Cells
Availability
Costs
Industry
Breast Neoplasms
Jamaica
Spices
Food Industry

Keywords

  • Allspice
  • Cancer
  • Diet and chemoprevention
  • Ericifolin
  • Eugenol
  • Pimenta dioica
  • Quercetin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

Medicinal properties of the Jamaican pepper plant pimenta dioica and allspice. / Zhang, Lei; Lokeshwar, Balakrishna L.

In: Current drug targets, Vol. 13, No. 14, 01.12.2012, p. 1900-1906.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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