Meloxicam fails to augment the reno-protective effects of soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibition in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats via increased 20-HETE levels

Mohamed M. Katary, Chelsey Pye, Ahmed Abdelrazik Elmarakby

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pro-inflammatory cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandins and the anti-inflammatory cytochrome P450 epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) play an important role in the regulation of renal injury. The current study examined whether COX inhibition augments the reno-protective effects of increased EETs levels via inhibiting EETs degradation by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) in diabetic rats. Streptozotocin (50 mg/kg, i.v) was used to induce diabetes in male Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were then divided into 5 groups (n = 6-8); control non diabetic, diabetic, diabetic treated with the sEH inhibitor trans-4-[4-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)-cyclohexyloxy]-benzoic acid (t-AUCB), diabetic treated with the COX inhibitor meloxicam and diabetic treated with meloxicam plus t-AUCB for 2 months. Glomerular albumin permeability and urinary albumin and nephrin excretion levels were significantly elevated in diabetic rats together with decreased glomerular α3 integrin and nephrin expression levels. Inhibition of sEH reduced glomerular albumin permeability, albumin and nephrin excretion levels and restored the decrease in glomerular α3 integrin and nephrin expression in diabetic rats. Meloxicam failed to reduce renal injury or even to synergize the reno-protective effects of sEH inhibition in diabetic rats. Furthermore, inhibition of sEH reduced the elevation in renal collagen deposition and urinary MCP-1 excretion levels together with a reduction in the number of renal TUNEL positive cells in diabetic vs. control rats (P < 0.05). Meloxicam did not reduce renal inflammation or apoptosis in diabetic rats or even exacerbate the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects of sEH inhibition. Renal 20-hydroxyeicosatetranoic acid (20-HETE) levels were elevated in diabetic rats and meloxicam further exacerbated this elevation. In conclusion, our study suggests that inhibition of COX failed to provide renal protection or to augment the reno-protective effects of sEH inhibition in diabetic rats, at least in part, via increased inflammatory 20-HETE levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Volume132
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2017

Keywords

  • 20-HETE
  • Meloxicam
  • Renal injury
  • Sprague dawley rats
  • Streptozotocin
  • t-AUCB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cell Biology

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