Objectives. This study evaluated the prognostic value of abnormal test results with pharmacologic stress with regard to perioperative and long-term outcomes in a large population of candidates for vascular surgery. Background. Although numerous studies have demonstrated the prognostic value of dipyridamole-thallium-201 myocardial perfusion and dobutamine echocardiography in vascular surgery candidates, a synopsis of predictive estimates is difficult because of individual study variability in pretest clinical risk, sample size and study design. Methods. A systematic review of published reports on preoperative pharmacologic stress risk stratification from the MEDLINE data base (1985 to 1994) identified 10 reports on dipyridamole-thallium-201 myocardial perfusion (1,994 patients) and 5 on dobutamine stress echocardiography (445 patients). Random effects models were used to calculate summary odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Results. Summary odds ratios for death or myocardial infarction and secondary cardiac end points were greater for dobutamine echocardiographic dyssynergy (14-to 27-fold) than for dipyridamole-thallium-201 redistribution (4-fold); wider confidence intervals were noted with dobutamine echocardiography. Pretest coronary disease probability was correlated with the positive predictive value of a reversible thallium-201 defect (r = 0.70), increasing sixfold from low to high risk patient subsets. Cardiac event rates were low in patients without a history of coronary artery disease (1% in 176 patients) compared with patients with coronary disease and a normal or fixed-defect pattern (4.8% in 83 patients) and one or more thallium-201 redistribution abnormality (18.6% in 97 patients, p = 0.0001). Conclusions. Meta-analysis of 15 studies demonstrated that the prognostic value of noninvasive stress imaging abnormalities for perioperative ischemic events is comparable between available techniques but that the accuracy varies with coronary artery disease prevalence.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine