Metal-insulator-superconductor transition of spin-3/2 atoms on optical lattices

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use a slave-rotor approach within a mean-field theory to study the competition of metallic, Mott-insulating, and superconducting phases of spin-3/2 fermions subjected to a periodic optical lattice potential. In addition to the metallic, the Mott-insulating, and the superconducting phases that are associated with the gauge symmetry breaking of the spinon field, we identify an emerging superconducting phase that breaks both roton and spinon field gauge symmetries. This superconducting phase emerges as a result of the competition between spin-0 singlet and spin-2 quintet interaction channels naturally available for spin-3/2 systems. The two superconducting phases can be distinguished from each other by quasiparticle weight. We further discuss the properties of these phases for both two-dimensional square and three-dimensional cubic lattices at zero and finite temperatures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number013632
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume97
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 29 2018

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insulators
metals
atoms
rotons
cubic lattices
rotors
emerging
broken symmetry
fermions
symmetry
interactions
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Metal-insulator-superconductor transition of spin-3/2 atoms on optical lattices. / De Silva, Theja N.

In: Physical Review A, Vol. 97, No. 1, 013632, 29.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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