Metformin treatment in the period after stroke prevents nitrative stress and restores angiogenic signaling in the brain in diabetes

Mohammed Abdelsaid, Roshini Prakash, Weiguo Li, Maha Coucha, Sherif Hafez, Maribeth H Johnson, Susan C. Fagan, Adviye Ergul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diabetes impedes vascular repair and causes vasoregression in the brain after stroke, but mechanisms underlying this response are still unclear. We hypothesized that excess peroxynitrite formation in diabetic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury inactivates the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) by nitration and diverts the PI3K-Akt survival signal to the p38- mitogen- Activated protein kinase apoptosis pathway. Nitrotyrosine (NY), Akt and p38 activity, p85 nitration, and caspase-3 cleavage were measured in brains from control, diabetic (GK), or metformin- Treated GK rats subjected to sham or stroke surgery and in brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) from Wistar and GK rats subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. GK rat brains showed increased NY, caspase-3 cleavage, and p38 activation and decreased Akt activation. Metformin attenuated stroke-induced nitrative signaling in GK rats. GK rat BMVECs showed increased basal nitrative stress compared with controls. A second hit by hypoxia/reoxygenation injury dramatically increased the nitration of p85 and activation of p38 but decreased Akt. These effects were associated with impairment of angiogenic response and were restored by treatment with the peroxynitrite scavenger 5,10,15,20- Tetrakis(4- sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron III chloride or the nitration inhibitor epicatechin. Our results provide evidence that I/R-induced peroxynitrite inhibits survival, induces apoptosis, and promotes peroxynitrite as a novel therapeutic target for the improvement of reparative angiogenesis after stroke in diabetes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1804-1817
Number of pages14
JournalDiabetes
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Fingerprint

Metformin
Peroxynitrous Acid
Stroke
Brain
1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase
Caspase 3
Endothelial Cells
Apoptosis
Catechin
Wounds and Injuries
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Reperfusion Injury
Reperfusion
Blood Vessels
Wistar Rats
Ischemia
3-nitrotyrosine
Hypoxia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Metformin treatment in the period after stroke prevents nitrative stress and restores angiogenic signaling in the brain in diabetes. / Abdelsaid, Mohammed; Prakash, Roshini; Li, Weiguo; Coucha, Maha; Hafez, Sherif; Johnson, Maribeth H; Fagan, Susan C.; Ergul, Adviye.

In: Diabetes, Vol. 64, No. 5, 01.05.2015, p. 1804-1817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdelsaid, Mohammed ; Prakash, Roshini ; Li, Weiguo ; Coucha, Maha ; Hafez, Sherif ; Johnson, Maribeth H ; Fagan, Susan C. ; Ergul, Adviye. / Metformin treatment in the period after stroke prevents nitrative stress and restores angiogenic signaling in the brain in diabetes. In: Diabetes. 2015 ; Vol. 64, No. 5. pp. 1804-1817.
@article{a919fb2f2daa4308805bbf5748a074b1,
title = "Metformin treatment in the period after stroke prevents nitrative stress and restores angiogenic signaling in the brain in diabetes",
abstract = "Diabetes impedes vascular repair and causes vasoregression in the brain after stroke, but mechanisms underlying this response are still unclear. We hypothesized that excess peroxynitrite formation in diabetic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury inactivates the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) by nitration and diverts the PI3K-Akt survival signal to the p38- mitogen- Activated protein kinase apoptosis pathway. Nitrotyrosine (NY), Akt and p38 activity, p85 nitration, and caspase-3 cleavage were measured in brains from control, diabetic (GK), or metformin- Treated GK rats subjected to sham or stroke surgery and in brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) from Wistar and GK rats subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. GK rat brains showed increased NY, caspase-3 cleavage, and p38 activation and decreased Akt activation. Metformin attenuated stroke-induced nitrative signaling in GK rats. GK rat BMVECs showed increased basal nitrative stress compared with controls. A second hit by hypoxia/reoxygenation injury dramatically increased the nitration of p85 and activation of p38 but decreased Akt. These effects were associated with impairment of angiogenic response and were restored by treatment with the peroxynitrite scavenger 5,10,15,20- Tetrakis(4- sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron III chloride or the nitration inhibitor epicatechin. Our results provide evidence that I/R-induced peroxynitrite inhibits survival, induces apoptosis, and promotes peroxynitrite as a novel therapeutic target for the improvement of reparative angiogenesis after stroke in diabetes.",
author = "Mohammed Abdelsaid and Roshini Prakash and Weiguo Li and Maha Coucha and Sherif Hafez and Johnson, {Maribeth H} and Fagan, {Susan C.} and Adviye Ergul",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2337/db14-1423",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "64",
pages = "1804--1817",
journal = "Diabetes",
issn = "0012-1797",
publisher = "American Diabetes Association Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Metformin treatment in the period after stroke prevents nitrative stress and restores angiogenic signaling in the brain in diabetes

AU - Abdelsaid, Mohammed

AU - Prakash, Roshini

AU - Li, Weiguo

AU - Coucha, Maha

AU - Hafez, Sherif

AU - Johnson, Maribeth H

AU - Fagan, Susan C.

AU - Ergul, Adviye

PY - 2015/5/1

Y1 - 2015/5/1

N2 - Diabetes impedes vascular repair and causes vasoregression in the brain after stroke, but mechanisms underlying this response are still unclear. We hypothesized that excess peroxynitrite formation in diabetic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury inactivates the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) by nitration and diverts the PI3K-Akt survival signal to the p38- mitogen- Activated protein kinase apoptosis pathway. Nitrotyrosine (NY), Akt and p38 activity, p85 nitration, and caspase-3 cleavage were measured in brains from control, diabetic (GK), or metformin- Treated GK rats subjected to sham or stroke surgery and in brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) from Wistar and GK rats subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. GK rat brains showed increased NY, caspase-3 cleavage, and p38 activation and decreased Akt activation. Metformin attenuated stroke-induced nitrative signaling in GK rats. GK rat BMVECs showed increased basal nitrative stress compared with controls. A second hit by hypoxia/reoxygenation injury dramatically increased the nitration of p85 and activation of p38 but decreased Akt. These effects were associated with impairment of angiogenic response and were restored by treatment with the peroxynitrite scavenger 5,10,15,20- Tetrakis(4- sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron III chloride or the nitration inhibitor epicatechin. Our results provide evidence that I/R-induced peroxynitrite inhibits survival, induces apoptosis, and promotes peroxynitrite as a novel therapeutic target for the improvement of reparative angiogenesis after stroke in diabetes.

AB - Diabetes impedes vascular repair and causes vasoregression in the brain after stroke, but mechanisms underlying this response are still unclear. We hypothesized that excess peroxynitrite formation in diabetic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury inactivates the p85 subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) by nitration and diverts the PI3K-Akt survival signal to the p38- mitogen- Activated protein kinase apoptosis pathway. Nitrotyrosine (NY), Akt and p38 activity, p85 nitration, and caspase-3 cleavage were measured in brains from control, diabetic (GK), or metformin- Treated GK rats subjected to sham or stroke surgery and in brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMVECs) from Wistar and GK rats subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. GK rat brains showed increased NY, caspase-3 cleavage, and p38 activation and decreased Akt activation. Metformin attenuated stroke-induced nitrative signaling in GK rats. GK rat BMVECs showed increased basal nitrative stress compared with controls. A second hit by hypoxia/reoxygenation injury dramatically increased the nitration of p85 and activation of p38 but decreased Akt. These effects were associated with impairment of angiogenic response and were restored by treatment with the peroxynitrite scavenger 5,10,15,20- Tetrakis(4- sulfonatophenyl)porphyrinato iron III chloride or the nitration inhibitor epicatechin. Our results provide evidence that I/R-induced peroxynitrite inhibits survival, induces apoptosis, and promotes peroxynitrite as a novel therapeutic target for the improvement of reparative angiogenesis after stroke in diabetes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84981508397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84981508397&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2337/db14-1423

DO - 10.2337/db14-1423

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 1804

EP - 1817

JO - Diabetes

JF - Diabetes

SN - 0012-1797

IS - 5

ER -