Protein-protein interactions are necessary for homeostasis to be maintained and for biological systems to be integrated. Heterotypic complexes occur in saliva, and a complex between MG2 and SIgA has been suggested to promote microbial clearance from the oral cavity. In this study, we used a peptide display library to investigate previously unrecognized heterotypic complexes involving MG2 and other proteins. The library was panned with MG2 12 times, and analyses of clones identified the sequence Ala-Leu-Leu-Cys-, which occurs in salivary lactoferrin. Blotting experiments confirmed that MG2 and lactoferrin form a heterotypic complex in viro and in vivo. Periodate treatment of MG2 did not affect the interaction. A synthetic lactoferrin peptide containing the motif Ala-Leu-Leu-Cys- blocked the interaction between MG2 and lactoferrin, confirming the specificity of the interaction identified by panning. This complex may enhance the properties of these salivary components in the oral environment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Dental Research|
|State||Published - Jun 2003|
- Protein-protein interactions
- Salivary proteins
ASJC Scopus subject areas