Mice Deficient in Endothelial Cell-Selective Adhesion Molecule Develop Vascular Endothelial and Left Ventricle Diastolic Dysfunction

Vadym Buncha, Yanna Tian, Katie Anne Fopiano, Liwei Lang, Zsolt Bagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Endothelial Cell-Selective Adhesion Molecule (ESAM) mediates inflammatory cell transmigration and also involved in pathological angiogenesis. Here we investigated the role of ESAM in affecting vasodilator and cardiac contractile function. To that end ESAM knockout and wild type (WT) mice were employed. Using transthoracic echocardiography it was found that ESAM knockout mice displayed left ventricle (LV) diastolic dysfunction, as indicated by a significantly reduced E/A ratio (E=early, A=late mitral inflow peak velocities), increased E/e' ratio, isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) and E wave deceleration time, with no change in the ejection fraction. The systolic blood pressure, as measured by tail-cuff plethysmography, was not different between ESAM knockout and WT mice, whereas the heart to body weight ratio is increased in ESAM knockout mice. Using an unbiased automated tracing of the microvasculature we found a decreased vascularization (total vascular length) of the myocardium in ESAM knockout mice. In addition, vasodilator function of the pulmonary artery and aorta was assessed using wire myography. We found that the endothelium-dependent, acetylcholine-induced relaxation of the pulmonary artery was significantly reduced in ESAM knockout mice, whereas endothelium-independent, sodium nitroprusside-induced relaxation was similar in two groups. Thus, we conclude that ESAM deficiency causes vasodilator dysfunction, impaired angiogenesis underlying the development LV diastolic dysfunction.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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