Microcomputed tomographic and histologic analysis of anorganic bone matrix coupled with cell-binding peptide suspended in sodium hyaluronate carrier after sinus augmentation: A clinical study

Hany Emam, Galal Beheiri, Mohammed Elsalanty, Mohamed Sharawy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Anorganic bovine hydroxyapatite matrix (ABM), when coupled with synthetic cell-binding peptide (P15), mimics the cell-binding region of type 1 collagen and is commercially available suspended in a sodium hyaluronate carrier. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to test the efficacy of ABM/P-15 Putty (DENTSPLY Friadent CeraMed) as a sole graft material for sinus augmentation in patients with severely resorbed posterior maxillae. Materials and Methods: Sinus augmentation was performed in 10 patients using ABM/P-15 Putty and two provisional dental implants (3.0 mm in diameter). The graft and implants were placed simultaneously with the aid of a surgical stent. After 8 or 16 weeks, the implants were removed using a 4.25-mm trephine bur; this was followed by immediate placement of wider-diameter (5.5-mm) implants. All 20 implants were scanned by microcomputed tomography to determine bone mineral density (BMD), percent bone volume (PBV), and percent bone contact (PBC). Results: There was a significant increase in the BMD of bone around the implants at 8 weeks and 16 weeks compared to native residual (control) bone. There was no significant difference in PBV or PBC between 8 weeks and 16 weeks. The average increase in bone height at 16 weeks was 9.63 ± 1 mm. Microcomputed tomographic images and histologic sections showed dense graft particles surrounded by vital trabecular bone. Conclusion: BMD increases as early as 8 weeks and does not show an additional increase after 16 weeks. PepGen P-15 Putty was found to be a promising osteoconductive graft for sinus augmentation, supporting immediate placement of implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-570
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Volume26
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Anorganic bone matrix
  • Cell-binding peptide
  • Microcomputed tomography
  • Sinus augmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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