Because of high heterogeneity, molecular characterization of prostate cancer based on biopsy sampling is often challenging. Hence, a minimally invasive method to determine the molecular imprints of a patient's tumor for risk stratification would be advantageous. In this study, we employ a novel, digital amplification-free quantification method using the nCounter technology (NanoString Technologies) to profile exosomal serum miRNAs (ex-miRNA) from aggressive prostate cancer cases, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and disease-free controls. We identified several dysregulated miRNAs, one of which was the tumor suppressor miR-1246. miR-1246 was downregulated in prostate cancer clinical tissues and cell lines and was selectively released into exosomes. Overexpression of miR-1246 in a prostate cancer cell line significantly inhibited xenograft tumor growth in vivo and increased apoptosis and decreased proliferation, invasiveness, and migration in vitro. miR-1246 inhibited N-cadherin and vimentin activities, thereby inhibiting epithelial–mesenchymal transition. Ex-miR-1246 expression correlated with increasing pathologic grade, positive metastasis, and poor prognosis. Our analyses suggest ex-miR-1246 as a promising prostate cancer biomarker with diagnostic potential that can predict disease aggressiveness. Significance: Dysregulation of exosomal miRNAs in aggressive prostate cancer leads to alteration of key signaling pathways associated with metastatic prostate cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research