MicroRNA-4723 inhibits prostate cancer growth through inactivation of the abelson family of nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases

Sumit Arora, Sharanjot Saini, Shinichiro Fukuhara, Shahana Majid, Varahram Shahryari, Soichiro Yamamura, Takeshi Chiyomaru, Guoren Deng, Yuichiro Tanaka, Rajvir Dahiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Abelson (c-Abl) proto-oncogene encodes a highly conserved nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinase that plays a role in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and cell adhesion. c-Abl represents a specific anti-cancer target in prostate cancer as aberrant activity of this kinase has been implicated in the stimulation of prostate cancer growth and progression. However, the mechanism of regulation of c-Abl is not known. Here we report that Abl kinases are regulated by a novel microRNA, miR-4723, in prostate cancer. Expression profiling of miR-4723 expression in a cohort of prostate cancer clinical specimens showed that miR-4723 expression is widely attenuated in prostate cancer. Low miR-4723 expression was significantly correlated with poor survival outcome and our analyses suggest that miR-4723 has significant potential as a disease biomarker for diagnosis and prognosis in prostate cancer. To evaluate the functional significance of decreased miR-4723 expression in prostate cancer, miR-4723 was overexpressed in prostate cancer cell lines followed by functional assays. miR- 4723 overexpression led to significant decreases in cell growth, clonability, invasion and migration. Importantly, miR-4723 expression led to dramatic induction of apoptosis in prostate cancer cell lines suggesting that miR-4723 is a pro-apoptotic miRNA regulating prostate carcinogenesis. Analysis of putative miR-4723 targets showed that miR-4723 targets integrin alpha 3 and Methyl CpG binding protein in addition to Abl1 and Abl2 kinases. Further, we found that the expression of Abl kinase is inversely correlated with miR-4723 expression in prostate cancer clinical specimens. Also, Abl1 knockdown partially phenocopies miR-4723 reexpression in prostate cancer cells suggesting that Abl is a functionally relevant target of miR-4723 in prostate cancer. In conclusion, we have identified a novel microRNA that mediates regulation of Abl kinases in prostate cancer. This study suggests that miR-4723 may be an attractive target for therapeutic intervention in prostate cancer. Copyright:

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere78023
JournalPloS one
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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    Arora, S., Saini, S., Fukuhara, S., Majid, S., Shahryari, V., Yamamura, S., Chiyomaru, T., Deng, G., Tanaka, Y., & Dahiya, R. (2013). MicroRNA-4723 inhibits prostate cancer growth through inactivation of the abelson family of nonreceptor protein tyrosine kinases. PloS one, 8(11), [e78023]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078023