MicroRNAs in kidneys: Biogenesis, regulation, and pathophysiological roles

Kirti Bhatt, Qing Sheng Mi, Zheng Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNA) are endogenously produced, short RNAs that repress and thus regulate the expression of almost half of known protein-coding genes. miRNA-mediated gene repression is an important regulatory mechanism to modulate fundamental cellular processes such as the cell cycle, growth, proliferation, phenotype, and death, which in turn have major influences on pathophysiological outcomes. In kidneys, miRNAs are indispensable for renal development and homeostasis. Emerging evidence has further pinpointed the pathogenic roles played by miRNAs in major renal diseases, including diabetic nephropathy, acute kidney injury, renal carcinoma, polycystic kidney disease, and others. Although the field of renal miRNA research is still in its infancy and important questions remain, future investigation on miRNA regulation in kidneys has the potential to revolutionize both the diagnosis and treatment of major renal diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F602-F610
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology
Volume300
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2011

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Allograft rejection
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Dicer
  • Renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Urology

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