Disruption of microtubules induces shortening in cultured cells and potentiates agonist-induced contraction in isolated pulmonary arteries from rats. Presumably, the cytoskeletal microtubules alter cell function in three ways: 1) they serve as rigid struts opposing cellular contraction; 2) microtubules enhance transduction of signals mediated by GTP-binding proteins; and 3) microtubules associate with protein kinases. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that microtubules oppose contraction induced by receptor activation and subsequent generation of second messengers in vascular smooth muscle. Helically-cut aortic strips (no endothelium) from normotensive rats (n=2-4) were placed in isolated organ baths for measurement of isometric force generation using standard muscle bath techniques The aortic segments were made to contract in response to serotonin (3 μM 5-HT) in physiologic buffer containing 1.6 mM Ca2+. After a depletion period in Ca2+-free medium, aortic segments were made to contract in response to 5-HT (receptor-mediated) or caffeine (20 mM, non-receptor-mediated). Disruption of microtubules by incubation with nocodazole, colchicine and vinblastine (10 μM) potentiated force development to 5-HT in Ca2+-free medium (41 to 140% increase in force development) but not force induced by caffeine. The increased contractile response to 5-HT in the presence of nocodazole was attenuated by the microtubular stabilizer, taxol (20 μM). This study demonstrates that disruption of microtubules increases vascular contraction to receptor activation implying that the microtubules enhance transduction of intracellular signals.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Mar 20 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology