Mild heat and proteotoxic stress promote unique subcellular trafficking and nucleolar accumulation of RGS6 and other RGS proteins: Role of the RGS domain in stress-induced trafficking of RGS proteins

Tapan K. Chatterjee, Rory A. Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

RGS proteins comprise a large family of proteins named for their ability to negatively regulate heterotrimeric G protein signaling. RGS6 is a member of the R7 subfamily of RGS proteins possessing DEP (disheveled/Egl-10/pleckstrin) homology and GGL (G protein γ-subunit-like) domains in addition to the semiconserved RGS domain. Our previous study documented unusual complexity in splicing of the human RGS6 gene, and we demonstrated localization of various RGS6 splice forms at sites other than the plasma membrane, including the cytoplasm and nucleus, where G proteins are not localized (Chatterjee, T. K., Liu, Z., and Fisher, R. A. (2003) J. BioL Chem. 278, 30261-30271). Here we provide new evidence that mild heat stress, proteasome-mediated proteotoxic stress, and HSF1 expression induces dramatic relocalization of RGS6 proteins from such sites to nucleoli. This response was observed in COS-7 cells expressing various splice forms of RGS6, was not elicited by other forms of cellular stress and was observed in cells treated with various protein kinase inhibitors or co-expressing a dominant-negative kinase inactive SAPK. The RGS domain of RGS6 was identified as a primary structural module providing support for its stress-induced nucleolar trafficking and various other RGS proteins or their isolated RGS domains similarly undergo nucleolar migration in response to heat or proteotoxic stress or during co-expression of HSF1. The atypical RGS domains of axin and AKAP10 also underwent stress-induced nucleolar trafficking while structural domains outside of the RGS domain of some RGS proteins can override nucleolar trafficking in response to stress. Inhibition of rDNA transcription also promoted nucleolar migration of RGS6, a response previously observed in a subset of nucleolar proteins. The DEP domain of RGS6, but not its RGS domain, conferred structural support for its transcription-linked nucleolar migration. RGS6 exhibited trafficking from subnuclear dots to nucleoli in response to heat-, proteotoxic- or transcription-linked stress. These results provide new evidence that mammalian RGS proteins undergo unique subcellular trafficking in response to specific forms of cellular stress and implicate the RGS family of proteins in cellular stress signaling pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30272-30282
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number32
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 8 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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