Mind-body response and neurophysiological changes during stress and meditation

central role of homeostasis

R. Jerath, Vernon A Barnes, M. W. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stress profoundly impacts quality of life and may lead to various diseases and conditions. Understanding the underlying physiological and neurological processes that take place during stress and meditation techniques may be critical for effectively treating stress-related diseases. The article examines a hypothetical physiological homeostatic response that compares and contrasts changes in central and peripheral oscillations during stress and meditation, and relates these to changes in the autonomic system and neurological activity. The authors discuss how cardiorespiratory synchronization, which occurs during the parasympathetic response and meditation, influences and modulates activity and oscillations of the brain and autonomic nervous system. Evidence is presented on how synchronization of cardiac and respiratory rates during meditation may lead to a homeostatic increase in cellular membrane potentials in neurons and other cells throughout the body. These potential membrane changes may underlie the reduced activity in the amygdala, and other cortical areas during meditation, and research examining these changes may foster better understanding of the restorative properties and health benefits of meditation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-554
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents
Volume28
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Meditation
Homeostasis
Membrane Potentials
Physiological Phenomena
Autonomic Nervous System
Insurance Benefits
Respiratory Rate
Quality of Life
Neurons
Brain
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Mind-body response and neurophysiological changes during stress and meditation : central role of homeostasis. / Jerath, R.; Barnes, Vernon A; Crawford, M. W.

In: Journal of biological regulators and homeostatic agents, Vol. 28, No. 4, 01.10.2014, p. 545-554.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{a54dae8a6e4b47ab9b1bdc1ae2b39e9f,
title = "Mind-body response and neurophysiological changes during stress and meditation: central role of homeostasis",
abstract = "Stress profoundly impacts quality of life and may lead to various diseases and conditions. Understanding the underlying physiological and neurological processes that take place during stress and meditation techniques may be critical for effectively treating stress-related diseases. The article examines a hypothetical physiological homeostatic response that compares and contrasts changes in central and peripheral oscillations during stress and meditation, and relates these to changes in the autonomic system and neurological activity. The authors discuss how cardiorespiratory synchronization, which occurs during the parasympathetic response and meditation, influences and modulates activity and oscillations of the brain and autonomic nervous system. Evidence is presented on how synchronization of cardiac and respiratory rates during meditation may lead to a homeostatic increase in cellular membrane potentials in neurons and other cells throughout the body. These potential membrane changes may underlie the reduced activity in the amygdala, and other cortical areas during meditation, and research examining these changes may foster better understanding of the restorative properties and health benefits of meditation.",
author = "R. Jerath and Barnes, {Vernon A} and Crawford, {M. W.}",
year = "2014",
month = "10",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "545--554",
journal = "Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents",
issn = "0393-974X",
publisher = "Biolife SAS",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mind-body response and neurophysiological changes during stress and meditation

T2 - central role of homeostasis

AU - Jerath, R.

AU - Barnes, Vernon A

AU - Crawford, M. W.

PY - 2014/10/1

Y1 - 2014/10/1

N2 - Stress profoundly impacts quality of life and may lead to various diseases and conditions. Understanding the underlying physiological and neurological processes that take place during stress and meditation techniques may be critical for effectively treating stress-related diseases. The article examines a hypothetical physiological homeostatic response that compares and contrasts changes in central and peripheral oscillations during stress and meditation, and relates these to changes in the autonomic system and neurological activity. The authors discuss how cardiorespiratory synchronization, which occurs during the parasympathetic response and meditation, influences and modulates activity and oscillations of the brain and autonomic nervous system. Evidence is presented on how synchronization of cardiac and respiratory rates during meditation may lead to a homeostatic increase in cellular membrane potentials in neurons and other cells throughout the body. These potential membrane changes may underlie the reduced activity in the amygdala, and other cortical areas during meditation, and research examining these changes may foster better understanding of the restorative properties and health benefits of meditation.

AB - Stress profoundly impacts quality of life and may lead to various diseases and conditions. Understanding the underlying physiological and neurological processes that take place during stress and meditation techniques may be critical for effectively treating stress-related diseases. The article examines a hypothetical physiological homeostatic response that compares and contrasts changes in central and peripheral oscillations during stress and meditation, and relates these to changes in the autonomic system and neurological activity. The authors discuss how cardiorespiratory synchronization, which occurs during the parasympathetic response and meditation, influences and modulates activity and oscillations of the brain and autonomic nervous system. Evidence is presented on how synchronization of cardiac and respiratory rates during meditation may lead to a homeostatic increase in cellular membrane potentials in neurons and other cells throughout the body. These potential membrane changes may underlie the reduced activity in the amygdala, and other cortical areas during meditation, and research examining these changes may foster better understanding of the restorative properties and health benefits of meditation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84925334294&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84925334294&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Review article

VL - 28

SP - 545

EP - 554

JO - Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents

JF - Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents

SN - 0393-974X

IS - 4

ER -