Mitochondrial complex I and NAD(P)H oxidase are major sources of exacerbated oxidative stress in pressure-overloaded ischemic-reperfused hearts

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We tested the hypothesis that pressure overload exacerbates oxidative stress associated with augmented mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore opening and cell death in ischemic-reperfused hearts. Pressure overload decreased the level of reduced glutathione but increased nitrotyrosine and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine levels in ischemic-reperfused hearts. The activity of catalase, but not superoxide dismutase (SOD), was lower in ischemic-reperfused hearts perfused at higher pressure. Mitochondria from ischemic-reperfused hearts subjected to higher perfusion pressure displayed significantly greater [ 3H]-2-deoxyglucose-6-P entrapment suggestive of greater MPT pore opening and consistent with greater necrosis and apoptosis. Tempol (SOD mimetic) reduced infarct size in both groups but it remained greater in the higher pressure group. By contrast, uric acid (peroxynitrite scavenger) markedly reduced infarct size at higher pressure, effectively eliminating the differential between the two groups. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase, with allopurinol, reduced infarct size but did not eliminate the differential between the two groups. However, amobarbital (inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I) or apocynin [inhibitor of NAD(P)H oxidase] reduced infarct size at both pressures and also abrogated the differential between the two groups. Consistent with the effect of apocynin, pressure-overloaded hearts displayed significantly higher NAD(P)H oxidaseactivity. Furthermore, pressure-overloaded hearts displayed increased nitric oxide synthase activity which, along with increased propensity to superoxide generation, may underlie uric acid-induced cardioprotection. In conclusion, increased oxidative and nitrosative stress, coupled with lack of augmented SOD and catalase activities, contributes importantly to the exacerbating impact of pressure overload on MPT pore opening and cell death in ischemicreperfused hearts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-297
Number of pages11
JournalBasic Research in Cardiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2011



  • Heart
  • Ischemic injury
  • MPT pore
  • Mitochondrial complex I
  • NAD(P)H oxidase
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Pressure overload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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