MK-0457 (VX-680) is a small-molecule aurora kinase (AK) inhibitor with preclinical antileukemia activity. The T315I BCR-ABL mutation mediates resistance to imatinib, nilotinib, and dasatinib. MK-0457 has in vitro activity against cells expressing wildtype or mutated BCR-ABL, including the T315I BCR-ABL mutation. Three patients with T315I abl-mutated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) have achieved clinical responses to doses of MK-04547 that are not associated with adverse events. Higher MK-0457 dose levels were associated with clinical responses and downregulation of CrkL phosphorylation in leukemia cells. The possible role of AK inhibition in these clinical responses requires further investigation. The currently reported cases are the first observed clinical activity of a kinase inhibitor against the T315I phenotype. The observation of responses in 3 patients with T315I phenotype-refractory CML or Ph-positive ALL, at doses of MK-0457 associated with no significant extramedullary toxicity, is very encouraging.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology