Modulation of miRNAS by vitamin C in human bone marrow stromal cells

Ravindra Kolhe, Ashis K. Mondal, Chetan Pundkar, Sudharsan Periyasamy-Thandavan, Bharati Mendhe, Monte Hunter, Carlos M. Isales, William D. Hill, Mark W. Hamrick, Sadanand Fulzele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (18–25 nucleotides), noncoding RNAs that have been identified as potential regulators of bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) proliferation, differentiation, and musculoskeletal development. Vitamin C is known to play a vital role in such types of biological processes through various different mechanisms by altering mRNA expression. We hypothesized that vitamin C mediates these biological processes partially through miRNA regulation. We performed global miRNA expression analysis on human BMSCs following vitamin C treatment using microarrays containing human precursor and mature miRNA probes. Bioinformatics analyses were performed on differentially expressed miRNAs to identify novel target genes and signaling pathways. Our bioinformatics analysis suggested that the miRNAs may regulate multiple stem cell-specific signaling pathways such as cell adhesion molecules (CAMs), fatty acid biosynthesis and hormone signaling pathways. Furthermore, our analysis predicted novel stem cell proliferation and differentiation gene targets. The findings of the present study demonstrate that vitamin C can have positive effects on BMSCs in part by regulating miRNA expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number186
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2018

Keywords

  • Bone marrow stromal cells
  • Vitamin C
  • miRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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